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This report of the Older People's Inquiry into 'That Bit of Help' documents the experiences of older people and professionals working together to identify gaps in service provision for older people living in their own homes. The report focuses on how to involve older people alongside the professionals, as equals, in identifying what services they want and(More)
BACKGROUND Birth weight is inversely associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors, but few studies have examined the association with disease end points, in particular with stroke risk. Furthermore, previous studies demonstrating an inverse association between birth weight and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk have been conducted on populations born(More)
BACKGROUND Childhood behavior problems are associated with premature mortality. To identify plausible pathways that may account for this association, we explored the extent to which childhood behavior problems relate to health behaviors and health outcomes at midlife. METHODS The Aberdeen Children of the 1950s (ACONF) study comprises 12,500 children from(More)
OBJECTIVES Associations of cognitive function assessed in adulthood with coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke might reflect a causal effect or could be explained by residual confounding or a common underlying pathology (atherosclerosis) that links both declines in cognitive function and increased risk of cardiovascular disease (i.e. reverse causality).(More)
BACKGROUND Although adult reported childhood socioeconomic position has been related to health outcomes in many studies, little is known about the validity of such distantly recalled information. This study evaluated the validity of adults' reports of childhood paternal social class. METHODS Data are drawn from the Aberdeen children of the 1950s study, a(More)
BACKGROUND Probabilistic record linkage is widely used in epidemiology, but studies of its validity are rare. Our aim was to validate its use to identify births to a cohort of women, being drawn from a large cohort of people born in Scotland in the early 1950s. METHODS The Children of the 1950s cohort includes 5868 females born in Aberdeen 1950-56 who(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the relationship between early life factors and survey response in epidemiological studies of adults. METHODS The Children of the 1950s cohort is composed of 12,150 children (boys 51.7%) born in Aberdeen 1950-56 and in primary schools in the city in 1962. Information on birth weight, gestational age, growth, behaviour and(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, 2 main hypotheses have been put forward to explain the variation in childhood intelligence or school performance by season of birth. In the first hypothesis, it is suggested that it is due to school policy concerning school entry, whereas the second suggests that a seasonally patterned exposure such as temperature, maternal(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t There is growing evidence that childhood IQ is inversely associated with mortality in later life. However, the specificity of this association in terms of causes of death, whether it is continuous over the whole range of IQ scores and whether it is the same according to age and sex is not clear. In a large cohort (N =(More)
Smoking and obesity are prevalent health risks, each of which has important eVects on morbidity and mortality. 1 2 People who both smoke and are obese are at particularly high risk for cardiovascular disease and need to tackle both of these issues. Smoking cessation can be diYcult to achieve in obese people because of concerns over weight gain. 3 4 However(More)