Heather G. Johnston

Learn More
Huntington disease (HD) is caused by expansion of a glutamine repeat in the amino-terminal region of huntingtin. Despite its widespread expression, mutant huntingtin induces selective neuronal loss in striatal neurons. Here we report that, in mutant mice expressing HD repeats, the production and aggregation of N-terminal huntingtin fragments preferentially(More)
The roles of FSH and androgen in the postnatal development of Sertoli cell number and function have been investigated using mice that lack FSH (FSHbetaKO), FSH-receptors (FSHRKO), or androgen receptors (Tfm). At birth and d 5, Sertoli cell number was normal in FSHRKO and FSHbetaKO mice, but was significantly reduced on d 20 and in adulthood. In contrast,(More)
It is generally accepted that short-chain (C(2)-C(5)) volatile fatty acids (VFAs) are among the causal molecules of axillary malodour. It is also widely acknowledged that malodour generation is attributable to the biotransformation of odourless natural secretions, into volatile odorous products, by axillary bacteria. However, little information is available(More)
In addition to the four chlorophylls (Chls) involved in primary charge separation, the photosystem II (PSII) reaction center polypeptides, D1 and D2, coordinate a pair of symmetry-related, peripheral accessory Chls. These Chls are axially coordinated by the D1-H118 and D2-H117 residues and are in close association with the proximal Chl antennae proteins,(More)
 The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the relative insensitivity of the ovine fetal kidney to arginine vasopressin (AVP) is due to low levels of expression of the gene for aquaporin-2 (AQP2) which encodes the AVP-regulated water channel. We report the cloning of the cDNA for the ovine AQP2 which has a major transcript at 4.2 kilobases (kb)(More)
We compare the chlorophyll fluorescence decay kinetics of the wild type and the D2-H117N mutant photosystem II reaction centers isolated from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The histidine residue located at site 117 on the D2 polypeptide of photosystem II is a proposed binding site for one of two peripheral accessory chlorophylls located in the reaction center(More)
ACTH has been shown to stimulate androgen production by the fetal/neonatal mouse testis through the melanocortin type 2 receptor (MC2R). This study was designed to localize the expression of MC2R in the neonatal mouse testis and characterize the effects of ACTH on testicular androgen production. Using immunohistochemistry, MC2R was localized to the(More)
The beta-adrenoceptor antagonist [125I]cyanopindolol (CYP) was used to localize beta-adrenoceptors in sections of rabbit ear. Biochemical studies demonstrated that the binding was stereoselective, and that the beta-adrenoceptors are predominantly of the beta 2-subtype. Autoradiographic studies using 3H-Ultrofilm or nuclear emulsion coated coverslips showed(More)
Phenoxybenzenes and phenoxypyridines were prepared and tested for the effect of substituents on antipicornavirus activity. The most active compound, 2-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)-5-nitrobenzonitrile (8), demonstrated broad-spectrum antipicornavirus activity. Compound 8 and several analogues each given orally prior to and during infection protected mice against an(More)
During testicular development, fetal and adult populations of Leydig cells arise sequentially. Previous studies have shown that androgen action is required for normal steroidogenic activity in the mouse testis. Therefore, to determine the role of androgens in regulating fetal and adult Leydig cell differentiation and function, Leydig development has been(More)