Heather E Tibbles

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Inhibitors of Janus Kinase 3 (JAK3) show potential as a new class of apoptosis-inducing anti-cancer drugs. In addition, JAK3 inhibitors may also be useful as immunosuppressive agents. Rationally designed selective inhibitors of JAK3 such as JANEX-1, that do not inhibit other Janus kinases have recently undergone extensive preclinical testing that revealed a(More)
Proteolytic cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (A beta PP) results in the generation of the amyloidogenic fragment known as amyloid beta peptide (A beta). Deposition of A beta in the brain parenchyma and cerebrovasculature is a feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD). To date, the process whereby A beta is generated and deposited remains unclear. We have(More)
Sequence analysis of the noncoding first exon (exon 1) of the Syk gene demonstrated the presence of a previously cloned CpG island (GenBank #Z 65706). Transient transfection analysis in Daudi cells demonstrated promoter activity (18-fold increase over parental luciferase plasmid) for a 348 bp BstXI–BsrBI fragment containing this island. This region exhibits(More)
Ligation of thrombopoietin (TPO) to the platelet c-Mpl receptor induces numerous biochemical pathways in the absence of aggregation. Two forms of recombinant TPO are currently in clinical trials for the treatment of thrombocytopenia. This study focuses on the effects of the full-length recombinant human TPO (rhTPO) on platelets in a whole blood system.(More)
Here we provide experimental evidence that identifies JAK3 as one of the regulators of platelet function. Treatment of platelets with thrombin induced tyrosine phosphorylation of the JAK3 target substrates STAT1 and STAT3. Platelets from JAK3-deficient mice displayed a decrease in tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT1 and STAT3. In accordance with these data,(More)
BACKGROUND The potential use of microorganisms as agents of biological warfare (BW) is a growing concern. Lassa virus, a member of the Arenavirus class of Hemorrhagic fever (HF) viruses has emerged as a worldwide concern among public health officials. The purpose of the present study was to further elucidate the antiviral activity spectrum of stampidine, a(More)
We report here the discovery of two novel human platelet and megakaryocytic DAMI cell enzymes that have beta-secretase-like activity. These activities could potentially effect cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) at the beta-amyloid peptide N-terminus, by an EC metalloprotease, and the N terminus-1 position, by a serine protease.(More)
Upon activation, platelet alpha-granules' soluble contents are secreted and membrane-bound contents are translocated to the plasma membrane. Membrane-bound proteins include the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) from which the beta-amyloid (A beta) deposits found surrounding the cerebrovasculature of patients with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) may originate.(More)
Here, we report that the calcium ionophore ionomycin induces a massive Ca2+-dependent apoptosis in wildtype DT-40 chicken B lymphoma cells, as well as in BTK-deficient, PLCgamma2-deficient and IP3 receptor-deficient DT-40 cells, but not in LYN- or SYK-deficient DT-40 cells. Notably, the deficiency of CSK, a negative regulator of Src-family PTK, promoted(More)
Here we discuss the therapeutic potential of Janus kinase 3 (JAK3) inhibitors as a new class of immunomodulatory agents with immunosuppressive, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, anti-thrombotic and anti-leukemic properties. JAKs are abundantly expressed in primary leukemic cells from children with ALL (acute lymphoblastic leukemia) and are crucial for(More)