Heather Dunckley

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Killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) regulate the activity of NK and T cells through interaction with specific HLA class I molecules on target cells. To date, 16 KIR genes and pseudogenes have been identified. Diversity in KIR gene content and KIR allelic and haplotype polymorphism has been observed between different ethnic groups. Here, we present(More)
BACKGROUND The influence of immune response gene variations on the development of chronic complications of Q fever is presently unclear. AIM To compare the frequencies of allelic polymorphisms in immune response genes in different Q fever patient groups. DESIGN Genetic association study. METHODS We measured the frequencies of immune response gene(More)
Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) regulate the activity of natural killer and T cells through interactions with specific human leucocyte antigen class I molecules on target cells. Population studies performed over the last several years have established that KIR gene frequencies (GFs) and genotype content vary considerably among different(More)
Multiple HLA class I alleles can bind peptides with common sequence motifs due to structural similarities in the peptide binding cleft, and these groups of alleles have been classified into supertypes. Nine major HLA supertypes have been proposed, including an A24 supertype that includes A*2301, A*2402, and A*3001. Evidence for this A24 supertype is limited(More)
HLA-DR typing is technically difficult in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), where patients have low numbers of peripheral B cells, often of poor viability and weak in antigenic expression. In this series, one third of SLE patients could not be HLA-DR typed by serological techniques, highlighting the potential for systematic bias in DR antigen assignment(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has shown associations with the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II DR antigens and class III complement components C2 and C4 in previous studies. The primary susceptibility locus has been difficult to identify, however, on account of linkage disequilibrium within the MHC. We have studied C4A and C4B(More)
The distribution of HLA-A, B, and DR alleles has been studied in 100 Chinese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and in 100 healthy Chinese controls. Complement components factor B, C4A and C4B were studied in 72 patients and 61 controls. There was no significant difference between patients and controls in the distribution of HLA-A, HLA-B, factor B(More)
We have estimated how much of the total genetic predisposition to SLE may be attributable to genes outside the HLA region by comparing figures for concordance of SLE in monozygotic twins with those for concordance in HLA identical siblings in Australia. None of six dizygotic co-twins of white Australian SLE probands was concordant for SLE. One of four (25%)(More)
The clinical value of serological HLA matching for cadaver kidney transplantation remains uncertain because the success rate for HLA-matched cadaver transplants is lower than that of HLA-matched sibling grafts. Up to 25% of serological HLA-DR typings may be incorrect when compared with a more accurate DNA-RFLP method, and we have now examined whether(More)
BACKGROUND Racial differences occur in the incidence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). It has been suggested that SLE occurs at a higher prevalence and with greater severity in Aboriginal Australians, but because of the small, widely distributed population base, this has not been well documented. AIMS To confirm and document the clinical impression(More)