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The resolution of acute inflammation requires bulk clearance of extravasated inflammatory cells in an ordered manner. Neutrophils undergo apoptosis and are ingested by macrophages (M psi) via a novel recognition mechanism that fails to provoke proinflammatory responses. Thereafter, the fate of inflammatory M psi themselves remains unclear. We investigated(More)
Chondrocyte function is regulated partly by mechanical stimulation. Optimal mechanical stimulation maintains articular cartilage integrity, whereas abnormal mechanical stimulation results in development and progression of osteoarthritis (OA). The responses of signal transduction pathways in human articular chondrocytes (HAC) to mechanical stimuli remain(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish whether chondrocytes from normal and osteoarthritic human articular cartilage recognize and respond to pressure induced mechanical strain in a similar manner. DESIGN Chondrocytes, extracted from macroscopically normal and osteoarthritic human articular cartilage obtained from knee joints at autopsy, were grown in monolayer culture(More)
Mice are a nocturnal species, whose social behaviors occur primarily during the dark phase of the circadian cycle. However, laboratory rodents are frequently tested during their light phase, for practical reasons. We investigated the question of whether light phase testing presents a methodological pitfall for investigating mouse social approach behaviors.(More)
Parallel orientation of large cell populations occurs when cells are cultured on thin collagen films if and only if a gel is restrained at two or more edges. The direction in which cell bodies orient is determined by the geometry of the gel. It can be shown that tension exerted by cells on a collagen gel leads to reorientation of collagen fibers in a(More)
Mechanical stimuli imparted by stretch, pressure, tension, fluid flow, and shear stress result in a variety of biochemical responses important in bone (re)modeling. The molecules involved in the recognition and transduction of mechanical stimuli that lead to modulation of bone cell function are not yet fully characterized. Cyclical pressure-induced strain(More)