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Adolescence is a transitional period during development that is associated with a greater likelihood of addiction to drugs than any other age. In the prefrontal cortex (PFC), D(1) dopamine receptors mediate motivational salience attribution, which plays a role in addiction. Here, we investigated the relationship of age-related D(1) dopamine receptor(More)
Adolescence is a transitional period between childhood and adulthood that encompasses vast changes within brain systems that parallel some, but not all, behavioral changes. Elevations in emotional reactivity and reward processing follow an inverted U shape in terms of onset and remission, with the peak occurring during adolescence. However, cognitive(More)
BACKGROUND Early developmental insults can cause dysfunction within parvalbumin (PVB)-containing interneurons in the prefrontal cortex. The neuropsychiatric disorders associated with such dysfunction might involve neuroinflammatory processes. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a key mediator of inflammation and is therefore a potential target for preventive(More)
Postnatal maternal separation in rats causes a reduction of GABAergic parvalbumin-containing interneurons in the prefrontal cortex that first occurs in adolescence. This parvalbumin loss can be prevented by pre-adolescent treatment with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that also protects against excitotoxicity. Therefore, the neuropsychiatric(More)
Adolescence is a transitional period during development that is associated with a greater likelihood of addiction to drugs than any other age. One possibility for this observation is that learned associations between the rewarding experience of drugs and drug-related cues may produce greater motivational salience, and thus are more difficult to extinguish.(More)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is associated with reduced cortical blood flow that is reversible with exposure to the psychostimulant methylphenidate (MPH). D3 dopamine receptors modulate stimulant-induced changes in blood flow and are associated with reward processing during young adulthood, but their role in the enduring effects of MPH during(More)
Exposure to adversity during development is an identified risk factor for depression later in life. In humans, early adversity accelerates the onset of depressive symptoms, which manifest during adolescence. Animal studies have used maternal separation as a model of early adversity to produce adult depressive-like behaviors, but have yet to examine these(More)
Adolescents are often described as “lacking brakes” resulting in an increase in several behaviors associated with risk for addiction. Prefrontal cortex dopamine and cortico-limbic interaction play an important role in addiction, and we have previously shown that the dopamine D1 receptor is elevated on prelimbic prefrontal output neurons in adolescent rats.(More)
Repeated cocaine administration in rats can lead to sensitization as evidenced by an increased locomotor response to a subsequent exposure (challenge) dose of cocaine even after a drug-free period. Expression of the immediate early gene product, c-Fos, differs among distinct subregions of the nucleus accumbens shell. This would suggest that these subregions(More)
Early adverse experience is a well-known risk factor for addictive behaviors later in life. Drug addiction typically manifests during adolescence in parallel with the later-developing prefrontal cortex (PFC). While it has been shown that dopaminergic modulation within the PFC is involved in addiction-like behaviors, little is known about how early adversity(More)