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Molecular markers associated with gene coding regions are useful tools for bridging functional and structural genomics. Due to their high abundance in plant genomes, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are present within virtually all genomic regions, including most coding sequences. The objective of this study was to develop a set of SNPs for the apple(More)
The wild apple (Malus sieversii) is a large-fruited species from Central Asia, which is used as a source of scab resistance in cultivar breeding. Phytopathological tests with races of Venturia inaequalis were performed to differentiate scab-resistance genes in Malus as well as an avirulence gene in the pathogen. A novel gene-for-gene interaction between V.(More)
Mutations found in human tumors often include transversions of GC to TA that may result from the mis-pairing of 8-oxoG with adenine during DNA replication. The human MutY (hMYH) enzyme, an adenine-specific DNA glycosylase, initiates repair at this mismatch. It has recently been demonstrated that inherited variants of hMYH may predispose individuals to(More)
The human MutY homolog, hMYH, is an adenine-specific DNA glycosylase that removes adenines or 2-hydroxyadenines mispaired with guanines or 8-oxoguanines. In order to prevent mutations, this activity must be directed to the newly synthesized strand and not the template strand during DNA synthesis. The subcellular localization and expression of hMYH has been(More)
Although genetic and genomic studies have progressed to a very advanced level in apple, the application of this acquired knowledge for marker-assisted breeding (MAB) remains limited mainly to pyramiding monogenetically inherited resistances against apple scab, powdery mildew and fire blight. Crucial contributing reasons are the uncertainty in map position(More)
Apple scab, caused by the fungal pathogen Venturia inaequalis, is one of the most severe diseases of apple worldwide. It is the most studied plant-pathogen interaction involving a woody species using modern genetic, genomic, proteomic and bioinformatic approaches in both species. Although 'Geneva' apple was recognized long ago as a potential source of(More)
The molecular genetic mechanisms underlying fruit size remain poorly understood in perennial crops, despite size being an important agronomic trait. Here we show that the expression level of a microRNA gene (miRNA172) influences fruit size in apple. A transposon insertional allele of miRNA172 showing reduced expression associates with large fruit in an(More)
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