Heather A Currie

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BACKGROUND The incorporation of silica within the plant cell wall has been well documented by botanists and materials scientists; however, the means by which plants are able to transport silicon and control its polymerization, together with the roles of silica in situ, are not fully understood. RECENT PROGRESS Recent studies into the mechanisms by which(More)
Silk proteins self-assemble into mechanically robust material structures that are also biodegradable and non-cytotoxic, suggesting utility for gene delivery. Since silk proteins can also be tailored in terms of chemistry, molecular weight and other design features via genetic engineering, further control of this system for gene delivery can be considered.(More)
This contribution provides the first detailed chemical evidence for the association of 'Si' with soluble carbohydrate and proteinaceous components of Equisetum arvense cell walls. For Equisetum telmateia and E. arvense, the presence of intrasilica organics trapped within phytolithic silica deposits and organics packaged within silica coated particles on the(More)
The aim of the study was to determine the extent and mechanism of influence on silica condensation that is presented by a range of known silicifying recombinant chimeras (R5: SSKKSGSYSGSKGSKRRIL; A1: SGSKGSKRRIL; and Si4-1: MSPHPHPRHHHT and repeats thereof) attached at the N-terminus end of a 15-mer repeat of the 32 amino acid consensus sequence of the(More)
Novel protein chimeras constituted of "silk" and a silica-binding peptide (KSLSRHDHIHHH) were synthesized by genetic or chemical approaches and their influence on silica-silk based chimera composite formation evaluated. Genetic chimeras were constructed from 6 or 15 repeats of the 32 amino acid consensus sequence of Nephila clavipes spider silk ([SGRGGLGGQG(More)
The use of high pH anion exchange chromatography combined with pulsed amperometric detection has been established as an effective and sensitive method for the separation, detection and quantification of monosaccharides from a wide range of sources. However, careful examination of the separation conditions required is necessary to ensure that a complete(More)
Composite or hybrid materials are commonly found in Nature, formed through the concentration and subsequent nucleation of ions upon organic templates that are most often protein based. Examples include the deposition of calcium containing salts in bone, teeth and the inner ear and iron oxide structures in magnetotactic bacteria. Biological organisms use a(More)
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