Learn More
Using patch clamp techniques, we found that the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) activity in the apical membrane of A6 distal nephron cells showed a sudden rundown beginning at 4 min after forming the inside-out configuration. This sudden rundown was prevented by addition of anionic phospholipids such as phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)),(More)
Using whole-cell patch-clamp techniques we found that ATP activated an outwardly rectifying current in Daudi human B lymphoma cells under acidic conditions. The substitution of Cl- for gluconate(-) shifted the reversal potential, while Cl- channel blockers, 4,4'-diisothiocyanostibene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS) and 9-anthracene carboxylic acid (9-AC),(More)
The mechanosensitivity of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is controversial. Using cell-attached patch-clamp techniques, we found that mechanical stretch stimulated ENaC in A6 distal nephron cells in only three of nine cell-attached patches. However, stretch consistently activated ENaC after apical ATP was scavenged with apical hexokinase plus glucose(More)
The epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) is an end-effector of diverse cellular signaling cascades, including those with phosphatidylinositide second messengers. Recent evidence also suggests that in some instances, phospatidylinositides can directly interact with ENaC to increase channel activity by increasing channel open probability and/or membrane(More)
RATIONALE Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a significant cause of pneumonia in humans. OBJECTIVES To determine the impact of mycoplasma infection and the host inflammatory response on alveolar type II (ATII) cell ion transport in vivo and in vitro. METHODS Mice were infected with M. pulmonis for measurements of alveolar fluid clearance (AFC) in vivo and(More)
Cyclosporine A (CsA) is an efficient immunosuppressant used for reducing allograft rejection but with a severe side effect of causing hypertension. We hypothesize that the renal epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) may participate in CsA-induced hypertension. In the present study, we used the patch-clamp cell-attached configuration to examine whether and how(More)
Numerous reports have linked cytoskeleton-associated proteins with the regulation of epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) activity. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of actin cytoskeleton disruption by cytochalasin E on ENaC activity in Xenopus 2F3 cells. Here, we show that cytochalasin E treatment for 60 min can disrupt the integrity(More)
Phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate (PIP2) regulates epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) open probability. In turn, myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate (MARCKS) protein or MARCKS-like protein 1 (MLP-1) at the plasma membrane regulates the delivery of PIP2 to ENaC. MARCKS and MLP-1 are regulated by changes in cytosolic calcium; increasing calcium(More)