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A large number of isolates from the Fusarium graminearum clade representing all regions in China with a known history of Fusarium head blight (FHB) epidemics in wheat were assayed using PCR to ascertain their trichothecene mycotoxin chemotypes and associated phylogenetic species and geographical distribution. Of the 299 isolates assayed, 231 are from F.(More)
Developing rapid and diverse microbial mutation tool is of importance to strain modification. In this review, a new mutagenesis method for microbial mutation breeding using the radio-frequency atmospheric-pressure glow discharge (RF APGD) plasma jets is summarized. Based on the experimental study, the helium RF APGD plasma jet has been found to be able to(More)
The Fusarium graminearum species complex (Fg complex) consists of phylogenetically distinct species some of which cannot be discriminated based on their morphology. Their chemotypes and geographic distributions are dramatically different, and these highlight the challenges that Fusarium head blight (FHB) poses to plant disease specialists and plant(More)
Trehalose 6-phosphate synthase (TPS1) and trehalose 6-phosphate phosphatase (TPS2) are required for trehalose biosynthesis in yeast and filamentous fungi, including Fusarium graminearum. Three null mutants Δtps1, Δtps2 and Δtps1-Δtps2, each carrying either a single deletion of TPS1 or TPS2 or a double deletion of TPS1-TPS2, were generated from a toxigenic(More)
DNA damage is the dominant source of mutation, which is the driving force of evolution. Therefore, it is important to quantitatively analyze the DNA damage caused by different mutagenesis methods, the subsequent mutation rates, and their relationship. Atmospheric and room temperature plasma (ARTP) mutagenesis has been used for the mutation breeding of more(More)
A total of 906 high quality ESTs were obtained through random sequencing from velvet tip tissue cDNA library of Sika Deer (Cervus nippon hortulorum). Clustering of 906 ESTs resulted in a set of 701 unigenes comprising of 86 contigs and 615 singletons. BLAST analysis revealed that 580 unigenes (82.7% of all 701 unigenes) were matched to the known genes or(More)
Invasive treatment for nutcracker syndrome is controversial, especially in patients with a pediatric onset. Most patients are treated conservatively for a relatively long time, but severe hematuria with an intermittent exacerbation remained unchanged. Three pediatric patients presented with hematuria associated with or without mild proteinuria and were(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Uterine artery chemoembolization (UACE) and internal iliac arterial infusion chemotherapy (IAIC) are important methods to treat cervical cancer. However, whether the curative efficacy of the two methods has difference is not clear. This study was to evaluate the curative effects of UACE and IAIC on the combining treatment for women(More)
In planta expression of recombinant antibodies recognizing pathogen-specific antigens has been proposed as a strategy for crop protection. We report the expression of fusion proteins comprising a Fusarium-specific recombinant antibody linked to one of three antifungal peptides (AFPs) as a method for protecting plants against fungal diseases. A(More)
Controlling toxigenic Fusarium graminearum (FG) is challenging. A bacterial strain (S76-3, identified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens) that was isolated from diseased wheat spikes in the field displayed strong antifungal activity against FG. Reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry analyses revealed(More)