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Several common variants in the intron 1 of FTO (fat mass and associated obesity) gene have been reliably associated with BMI and obesity in European populations. We analyzed two variants (rs9939609 and rs8050136) in 4,189 Chinese Han individuals and conducted a meta-analysis of published studies in Asian population to investigate whether these variants are(More)
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ADIPOQ, ADIPOR1, and ADIPOR2 have been associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but there are many conflicting results especially in Chinese populations. To investigate the contribution of the adiponectin genes and their receptors to T2DM, a case-control study was performed and 11 SNPs of ADIPOQ, ADIPOR1,(More)
A quantum random number generator (QRNG) can generate true randomness by exploiting the fundamental indeterminism of quantum mechanics. Most approaches to QRNG employ single-photon detection technologies and are limited in speed. Here, we experimentally demonstrate an ultrafast QRNG at a rate over 6 Gbits/s based on the quantum phase fluctuations of a laser(More)
Many studies have shown that zinc deficiency not only retards growth, but also affects several brain functions, including learning and memory. However, the underlying mechanism of impaired hippocampus-dependent learning and memory under zinc deficiency is poorly understood. In this study, young mice were fed a zinc-deficient diet (0.85 ppm) for 5 weeks.(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate geographic differences in obesity related metabolic abnormalities in middle-aged and older Chinese people with different levels of adiposity. METHOD Data from 3289 individuals aged 50-70 years who participated in a cross-sectional survey in 2005 (1641 from northern [Beijing] and 1648 from southern [Shanghai] China) were analyzed.(More)
The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene variant C677T is suspected to be a risk factor for psychiatric disorders, but it remains uncertain whether the MTHFR C677T variant is associated with bipolar disorders. To investigate possible association, unrelated controls (n=461) with no history of psychiatric disorders and patients (n=501) diagnosed(More)
Predicting tumor metastatic potential remains a challenge in cancer research and clinical practice. Our goal was to identify novel biomarkers for differentiating human breast tumors with different metastatic potentials by imaging the in vivo mitochondrial redox states of tumor tissues. The more metastatic (aggressive) MDA-MB-231 and less metastatic(More)
Currently, the gold standard to establish benign vs. malignant breast tissue diagnosis requires an invasive biopsy followed by tissue fixation for subsequent histopathological examination. This process takes at least 24 h resulting in tissues that are less suitable for molecular, functional, or metabolic analysis. We have recently conducted redox scanning(More)
Several genetic loci (JAZF1, CDC123/CAMK1D, TSPAN8/LGR5, ADAMTS9, VEGFA and HHEX-IDE) were identified to be significantly related to the risk of type 2 diabetes and quantitative metabolic traits in European populations. Here, we aimed to evaluate the impacts of these novel loci on type 2 diabetes risk in a population-based case-control study of Han Chinese(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Cancer cells generate more lactate than normal cells under both aerobic and hypoxic conditions-exhibiting the so-called Warburg effect. However, the relationship between the Warburg effect and tumor metastatic potential remains controversial. We intend to investigate whether the higher lactate reflects higher tumor metastatic(More)