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Recent data from this laboratory demonstrate that increasing adipocyte intracellular Ca(2+) results in a coordinated stimulation of lipogenesis and inhibition of lipolysis. We have also noted that increasing dietary calcium of obese patients for 1 year resulted in a 4.9 kg loss of body fat (P<0.01). Accordingly, we tested the possibility that calcitrophic(More)
Melanocortin peptides, derived from pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), appear to play a significant role in appetite and body weight regulation. Expression of the Pomc gene in the central nervous system results in the production of melanocortin peptides, which bind to the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4-R) and inhibit food intake. MC4-R knockout mice exhibit(More)
We reported recently that suppression of the renal 1alpha,25-dihyroxyvitamin D3 (1lpha,25-(OH)2-D3) production in aP2-agouti transgenic mice by increasing dietary calcium decreases adipocyte intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i), stimulates lipolysis, inhibits lipogenesis, and reduces adiposity. However, it was not clear whether this modulation of adipocyte(More)
We have demonstrated previously a regulatory role for intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) in adipocyte lipogenesis and lipolysis and have recently reported that 1,25-(OH)2-D increases adipocyte [Ca2+]i, which causes increased lipogenesis and decreased lipolysis. We have now tested the hypothesis that suppressing 1,25-(OH)2-D by increasing dietary calcium will(More)
Intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) modulates adipocyte lipid metabolism and inhibits the early stages of murine adipogenesis. Consequently, we evaluated effects of increasing [Ca(2+)](i) in early and late stages of human adipocyte differentiation. Increasing [Ca(2+)](i) with either thapsigargin or A23187 at 0-1 h of differentiation markedly suppressed(More)
A regulatory role for intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) in adipocyte lipogenesis, lipolysis and triglyceride accumulation has been demonstrated. Compounds acting on the pancreatic sulfonylurea receptor (SUR) to increase (e.g., glibenclamide) or decrease (e.g., diazoxide) [Ca2+]i cause corresponding increases and decreases in weight gain. However, these weight(More)
Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a pleiotropic gene with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-angiogenic properties. However, recent reports about the effects of PEDF on cardiomyocytes are controversial, and it is not known whether and how PEDF acts to inhibit hypoxic or ischemic endothelial injury in the heart. In the present study, adult(More)
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