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The RNA-guided DNA editing technology CRISPRs (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)/Cas9 had been used to introduce double-stranded breaks into genomes and to direct subsequent site-specific insertions/deletions or the replacement of genetic material in bacteria, such as Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pneumonia, and Lactobacillus(More)
This study investigated the use of surface electromyography (EMG) combined with pattern recognition (PR) to identify user locomotion modes. Due to the nonstationary characteristics of leg EMG signals during locomotion, a new phase-dependent EMG PR strategy was proposed for classifying the user's locomotion modes. The variables of the system were studied for(More)
From May 1981 to Feb. 1989 trabeculectomy with per-operative topical application of mitomycin C was performed on eyes with refractory glaucoma. All eyes had undergone prior one, two or more than two antiglaucoma surgeries without success for IOP control. Other risk factors in the present series of eyes included young age, aphakia, rubeosis and glaucoma(More)
The growing concern about the safety of food and dairy additives and the increasing costs of petroleum-based chemicals have rekindled the interest in the fermentation processes for fumaric acid production. The key problems of the industrial production of microbial fumaric acid are reviewed in this paper. Various strategies, including strain improvement,(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most commonly sustained arrhythmia in clinical practice. Despite the extensive studies, the pathophysiology of AF, however, remains incompletely understood. Studies have demonstrated that oxidative stress may be involved in cardiac structural and electrical remodeling. More recently, a growing body of evidence suggests that(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Anomalous pancreaticobiliary ductal union (APBDU) has been proposed as a risk factor of gallbladder cancer. To clarify the frequency and the subtype distribution of APBDU in patients with gallbladder cancer and adenomyomatosis, a retrospective study was performed. METHODOLOGY The radiograms of endoscopic retrograde(More)
The present study was carried out to test if plasma extravasation induced by capsaicin (90 micrograms/kg) in the bronchi of Sprague-Dawley rats could be reduced 10-30 min (0 day), 20-24 h (1 day), 3, 7 or 14 days after unilateral midcervical vagotomy. The second aim of this study was to demonstrate if substance P (3 micrograms/kg) could intensify neurogenic(More)
Rights ©2005 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. Abstract—The(More)
The newly developed transcription activator-like effector protein (TALE) and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/Cas9 transcription factors (TF) offered a powerful and precise approach for modulating gene expression. In this article, we systematically investigated the potential of these new tools in activating the stringently silenced(More)
Plankton form the base of the food chain in the ocean and are fundamental to marine ecosystem dynamics. The rapid mapping of plankton abundance together with taxonomic and size composition is very important for ocean environmental research, but difficult or impossible to accomplish using traditional techniques. In this paper, we present a new pattern(More)