Hazem Hassan Mahmoud

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PURPOSE To improve the control of hyperuricemia in patients with leukemia or lymphoma, we tested a newly developed uricolytic agent, recombinant urate oxidase (SR29142; Rasburicase; Sanofi-Synthelabo, Inc, Paris, France), which catalyzes the oxidation of uric acid to allantoin, a highly water-soluble metabolite readily excreted by the kidneys. PATIENTS(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of the central nervous system is crucial to the successful treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children. The intensity and timing of the therapy are based on the presence or predicted risk of central nervous system leukemia as assessed according to criteria that remain controversial. METHODS The clinical importance of(More)
Although high-dose methotrexate has been extensively studied in children with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), there are fewer data in children with relapsed ALL, many of whom have been heavily pretreated and have subclinical kidney dysfunction. We characterized the pharmacokinetics of adaptively controlled methotrexate given as a 24-h(More)
BACKGROUND Bone sarcomas of the head and neck are difficult to resect. The authors reviewed their institutional experience with these tumors to characterize patients' clinical findings and to assess the impact of surgical resection on outcome. METHODS The records of the 28 patients with bone sarcomas originating in the head and neck treated at St. Jude(More)
The independent significance of CD10 expression in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is uncertain because most studies have not adjusted for other risk features, such as age and immunophenotype, or for treatment effects. We reassessed the clinical importance of CD10 expression in patients who received highly effective contemporary treatment. CD10(More)
Tumor lysis syndrome refers to the metabolic disturbances (hyperuricemia, hyperphosphatemia, hyperkalemia, and hypocalcemia) associated with lymphoproliferative malignancies which occur secondary to cell lysis. In some patients, tumor lysis results in acute renal failure. The nature and severity of the metabolic alterations are variable and may be(More)
The majority of children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who are treated exclusively with chemotherapy die of progressive disease. Improvement in outcome will likely require new active drugs capable of eradicating resistant blast cells early in the clinical course. We therefore assessed the cytoreductive potential of 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA), a(More)
We studied the pharmacokinetics of vincristine in children with acute lymphocytic leukemia by means of a specific high-performance liquid chromatographic assay with ultraviolet and electrochemical detection and a limited sampling strategy. Our objectives were to characterize the disposition of vincristine in pediatric patients, to determine clinical,(More)
The t(2;5)(p23;q35) was detected in 9 of the 18 cases of large-cell lymphoma with an abnormal karyotype among 115 children with large-cell lymphoma treated at St Jude Children's Research Hospital from 1975 to 1993. When the cases containing the t(2;5) were classified according to the National Cancer Institute Working Formulation, 7 were large-cell,(More)
We have identified a distinctive malignant soft tissue neoplasm that occurred in the head and neck region of six children. Histologically, these neoplasms presented an array of features ranging from low-grade spindle cell to high-grade fibrohistiocytic histologies and often had myoid characteristics. Ultrastructural and immunohistochemical studies indicated(More)