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The sensitivity and specificity of an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and ELISA for Lyme disease were estimated. Sera from patients with Lyme disease, patients with other infections, and healthy individuals were examined. Significant cross-reactivity occurred only with sera from patients with syphilis, yaws, and pinta . All tested sera from patients(More)
Evidence obtained by others who used direct immunofluorescence staining to demonstrate serological differences among strains of Legionnaires disease bacterium prompted this study of parameters influencing the ability of the indirect immunofluorescence test to detect human antibodies to Legionnaires disease bacterium. A total of 25 Legionnaires disease(More)
Sera from six outbreaks of legionellosis and four outbreaks of pneumonia of other etiologies were tested with the indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) as currently performed. The current IFA is at least as sensitive as the original test in detecting cases of Legionnaires disease (78 to 91%). By using Center for Disease Control criteria for a positive(More)
A group of related bacteria designated atypical Legionella-like organisms (ALLO) has been identified. ALLO, like L. pneumophila, are fastidious gram-negative rods that grow well on charcoal yeast extract (CYE) agar and produce ground glass colonies and browning of modified yeast extract agar. Unlike L. pneumophila, ALLO do not grow well on Feeley-Gorman(More)
Major protein-containing antigens of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 were were identified by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblot analysis with rabbit antisera to 14 different Legionella species or serogroups. Fourteen bands were observed in immunoelectropherograms of whole-cell, sonicated cell, and heated cell(More)
The type-specific antigens of group B type Ic (old designation type Ii) streptococci were extracted, purified, and characterized by serological and chemical methods. The Ia antigen, shared by types Ia and Ic, is a polysaccharide composed of 69% galactose and 25% glucosamine (i.e., 31% N-acetyl-glucosamine). However, these monosaccharides failed to inhibit(More)
It is important to resolve existing differences of opinion regarding group B streptococcal type distribution in human disease because of the relevance of type prevalence to future programs of prevention. This report compares data obtained from typing 392 group B streptococci isolated from systemic infections in both infants and adults in the United States(More)