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Fetuin-A is synthesized in the liver and may be associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle-induced weight loss reduces fetuin-A, but the effect of exercise alone is unknown. We determined the effect of short-term exercise training on plasma fetuin-A in 13 (50.5 ± 3.4 yr) obese adults (body mass index, 33.3 ± 0.9(More)
Normal cardiac metabolism requires continuous replenishment (anaplerosis) of catalytic intermediates of the citric acid cycle. Little is known about the quantitative aspects of propionate as a substrate of in vivo anaplerosis; therefore, we measured the rate of propionate entry into the citric acid cycle in hearts of anesthetized pigs.(More)
During stress, patients with coronary artery disease frequently fail to increase coronary flow and myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO(2)) in response to a greater demand for oxygen, resulting in "demand-induced" ischemia. We tested the hypothesis that dobutamine infusion with flow restriction stimulates nonoxidative glycolysis without a change in MVO(2) or(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR alpha) is a transcriptional regulator of the expression of mitochondrial thioesterase I (MTE-I) and uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3), which are induced in the heart at the mRNA level in response to diabetes. Little is known about the regulation of protein expression of MTE-I and UCP3 or about MTE-I activity;(More)
In the normal heart, there is loss of citric acid cycle (CAC) intermediates that is matched by the entry of intermediates from outside the cycle, a process termed anaplerosis. Previous in vitro studies suggest that supplementation with anaplerotic substrates improves cardiac function during myocardial ischemia and/or reperfusion. The present investigation(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) is a circulating glycoprotein that impairs insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and is linked to obesity and metabolic syndrome. However, the effect of exercise on plasma DPP-4 in adults with metabolic syndrome is unknown. Therefore, we determined the effect of exercise on DPP-4 and its role in explaining exercise-induced(More)
The role of anaerobic glycolysis and oxidative substrate selection on contractile function and mechanical efficiency during moderate severity myocardial ischemia is unclear. We hypothesize that 1) preventing anaerobic glycolysis worsens contractile function and mechanical efficiency and 2) increasing glycolysis and glucose oxidation while inhibiting free(More)
OBJECTIVE Obesity is associated with low-grade chronic inflammation. We hypothesized that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery would reduce activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in metabolically active adipose tissue (AT) of obese rats, and this change would be related to decreases in body weight and improved glycemic control. METHODS Omental,(More)
Impact of anaerobic glycolysis and oxidative substrate selection on contractile function and mechanical efficiency during moderate severity ischemia. role of anaerobic glycolysis and oxidative substrate selection on contractile function and mechanical efficiency during moderate severity myocar-dial ischemia is unclear. We hypothesize that 1) preventing(More)
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