Hayley Louise Letson

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Traumatic-induced coagulopathy (TIC) is a hemostatic disorder that is associated with significant bleeding, transfusion requirements, morbidity and mortality. A disorder similar or analogous to TIC was reported around 70 years ago in patients with shock, hemorrhage, burns, cardiac arrest or undergoing major surgery, and the condition was referred to as a(More)
BACKGROUND No drug therapy has demonstrated improved clinical outcomes in the treatment of sepsis. A bolus of adenosine, lidocaine, and magnesium (ALM) has been shown to be cardioprotective and restore coagulopathy in different trauma states. We hypothesized that ALM therapy may improve hemodynamics, protect the lung, and prevent coagulopathy in the rat(More)
OBJECTIVES Currently, there is no effective small-volume fluid for traumatic hemorrhagic shock. Our objective was to translate small-volume 7.5% NaCl adenosine, lidocaine, and Mg hypotensive fluid resuscitation from the rat to the pig. DESIGN Pigs (35-40 kg) were anesthetized and bled to mean arterial pressure of 35-40 mm Hg for 90 minutes, followed by 60(More)
INTRODUCTION The combination of Adenosine (A), lidocaine (L) and Mg(2+) (M) (ALM) has demonstrated cardioprotective and resuscitative properties in models of cardiac arrest and hemorrhagic shock. This study evaluates whether ALM also demonstrates organ protective properties in an endotoxemic porcine model. METHODS Pigs (37 to 42 kg) were randomized into:(More)
BACKGROUND Tranexamic acid (TXA) is increasingly used during major surgery with the goal to reduce excessive bleeding, transfusion requirements, and reexploration. Our aim was to examine the effect of TXA on coagulation at different times during cardiac surgery using rotational thromboelastometry. MATERIALS AND METHODS Nineteen adult males (EuroSCORE 4-5)(More)
INTRODUCTION Buprenorphine is the recommended analgesic for post-surgical pain and associated stress in small animal research. Our aim was to examine the effect of isoflurane anesthesia and buprenorphine analgesia on blood coagulation in the rat using rotational thromboelastometry. METHODS Adult male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned to one of(More)
Introduction: The combination of Adenosine (A), lidocaine (L) and Mg (M) (ALM) has demonstrated cardioprotective and resuscitative properties in models of cardiac arrest and hemorrhagic shock. This study evaluates whether ALM also demonstrates organ protective properties in an endotoxemic porcine model. Methods: Pigs (37 to 42 kg) were randomized into: 1)(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertonic saline solutions in combination with colloids may have some applications in critically ill patients. Our aim was to examine the effects of small volumes (0.7-1 mL/kg intravenous) of 7.5% NaCl with different colloids on cardiac stability, hemodynamics, and mortality after severe hemorrhagic shock. METHODS Male fed Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
INTRODUCTION No drug therapy has demonstrated improved survival following cardiac arrest (CA) of cardiac or noncardiac origin. In an effort to translate the cardiorescue properties of Adenocaine (adenosine and lidocaine) and magnesium sulfate (ALM) from cardiac surgery and hemorrhagic shock to resuscitation, we examined the effect of ALM on hemodynamic(More)