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An aroA mutant was produced from a virulent strain of Salmonella Gallinarum, the causative agent of fowl typhoid in poultry, by Tn10 insertional inactivation and deletion. The mutant was highly attenuated for chickens. A single intramuscular immunization of 2-week-old chickens with 10(7) mutant organisms reduced mortality following oral challenge with 10(8)(More)
Degenerate PCR primers were designed from the N-terminal amino acid sequence of a glutamyl aminopeptidase (PepA) from Lactococcus lactis. These primers were used to screen a lambda library for clones containing the gene (pepA) encoding PepA. The DNA sequence of a 2.1 kb fragment containing pepA was determined. The sequence revealed the presence of one(More)
Diacetyl is an important food flavor compound produced by certain strains of citrate-metabolizing lactic acid bacteria. Citrate is converted to pyruvate, from which diacetyl is produced via intermediate alpha-acetolactate. This paper reports the cloning and analysis of the gene (aldB) encoding alpha-acetolactate decarboxylase from Lactococcus lactis MG1363.(More)
Global regulatory circuits of the type mediated by CRP and FNR in Escherichia coli were sought in Lactococcus lactis to provide a basis for redirecting carbon metabolism to specific fermentation products. Using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) approach, two genes (flpA and flpB) encoding FNR-like proteins (FlpA and FlpB) with the potential for mediating a(More)
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers designed from a multiple alignment of predicted amino acid sequences from bacterial aroA genes were used to amplify a fragment of Lactococcus lactis DNA. An 8 kb fragment was then cloned from a lambda library and the DNA sequence of a 4.4 kb region determined. This region was found to contain the genes tyrA, aroA,(More)
The broad-spectrum mercurial-resistance plasmid pDU1358 was analyzed by cloning the resistance determinants and preparing a physical and genetic map of a 45-kilobase (kb) region of the plasmid that contains two separate mercurial-resistance operons that mapped about 20 kb apart. One encoded narrow-spectrum mercurial resistance to Hg2+ and a few(More)
A plasmid-based food-grade vector system was developed for Lactococcus lactis by exploiting the genes for lactose metabolism. L. lactis MG5267 is a plasmid-free strain containing the entire lactose operon as a chromosomal insertion. The lacF gene was deleted from this strain by a double cross-over homologous recombination event. The lacF-deficient strain(More)
Foods produced by genetic engineering technology are now appearing on the market and many more are likely to emerge in the future. The safety aspects, regulation, and labelling of these foods are still contentious issues in most countries and recent surveys highlight consumer concerns about the safety and labelling of genetically modified food. In most(More)
A method for the direct screening of bacterial lambda libraries by polymerase chain reaction technology has been developed. This technique permits the identification and isolation of specific DNA sequences without the need for any filter hybridisation or radioactive probing. This strategy has been used to isolate a gene encoding lactate dehydrogenase from a(More)
Determination of the sequence of DNA is one of the most important aspects of modern molecular biology. New sequencing methods currently being developed enable DNA sequence to be determined increasingly faster and more efficiently. One of the major advances in sequencing technology is the development of automated DNA sequencers. These utilize fluorescent(More)