Hayato Ishimoto

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In neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid NG108-15 cells, ATP induced a concentration-dependent increase in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), accompanied by inositol phosphate formation. Under the same conditions, we found a marked increase in cAMP levels produced by ATP at concentrations similar to those required to increase [Ca2+]i. The Ca2+(More)
Extracellular ATP secreted from stimulated nerves plays a role in neurotransmission. This study examined the effects of extracellular ATP on phospholipase A2 and C signalling pathways in rabbit astrocytes. ATP caused prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) generation and phosphoinositide hydrolysis in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. A P2y purinoceptor-selective(More)
1. The effect of mastoparan, a wasp venom toxin, on intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) was examined in human astrocytoma cells. Mastoparan inhibited [Ca2+]i induced by carbachol (100 microM) in a concentration-dependent manner in the absence of extracellular Ca2+, consistent with our previous results showing that mastoparan inhibits(More)
Thromboxane A2 receptors of human astrocytoma cells and rabbit platelets were characterized by a binding of a new potent and selective thromboxane A2 antagonist, [3H]ONO NT-126. [3H]ONO NT-126 bound with a high affinity to membranes derived from astrocytoma cells and platelets. In astrocytoma cells, the nonspecific binding determined by 1 microM S-145 was(More)
Western blot analysis was performed to clarify the presence of trimeric G protein subfamily in membranes derived from human astrocytoma cells (1321N1), cultured rabbit astrocytes and human platelets, using G protein antisera GS alpha, Gi alpha, Gq/11 alpha, and G beta were found to exist in membranes derived from human astrocytoma cells and rabbit(More)
We have previously shown that human astrocytoma cells (1321N1) express thromboxane A2 (TXA2) receptors, of which stimulation activates phosphoinositide hydrolysis (Nakahata et al., Eur. J. Pharmacol. 162 (1989) 407). In order to examine whether TXA2 receptors exist in native astrocytes or not, rabbit cultured astrocytes were used. Glial fibrillary acidic(More)
The effects of mastoparan on phosphoinositide hydrolysis and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) generation were investigated in astrocytes cultured from rabbit brain. Mastoparan inhibited the accumulations of [3H]inositol phosphates induced by bradykinin (1 microM) in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Mastoparan (3-30 microM) also released PGE2 in a time-(More)
1. ATP, bradykinin (BK), and A-23187 activated the generation of prostaglandin (PG) E2 and thromboxane (TX) B2 in rabbit astrocytes, but not in human astrocytoma cells (1321N1). 2. In human astrocytoma cells, ATP, BK, and A-23187 could not release [3H]arachidonic acid (AA) from [3H]AA-labeled cells and exogenous AA was not converted to TXB2 and PGE2,(More)
In human astrocytoma cells (1321N1), trifluoperazine potently inhibited histamine-induced phosphoinositide hydrolysis, while it slightly inhibited carbachol-induced phosphoinositide hydrolysis. Trifluoperazine as well as diphenhydramine inhibited [3H]mepyramine binding in astrocytoma cell membranes with Ki values of 0.052 microM and 0.005 microM,(More)
Curdlan jelly was prepared by heating an aqueous curdlan suspension at 70 degrees C for 5 min. Theophylline, as a model drug, was entrapped in the jelly network. Curdlan jelly had a hardness comparable with that of commercially available jelly for confectionary. Syneresis was observed for 8 days after the preparation and was not detected during the(More)
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