Hayakazu Nakazawa

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OBJECTIVES To determine the primary site and incidence of lymph node metastases in urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract. METHODS From January 1989 to October 2005, we treated 181 patients with urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract. The findings of the imaging studies when lymph node metastasis was diagnosed and the pathologic(More)
PURPOSE We determined the impact of the extent of regional lymphadenectomy on survival in patients with urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between January 1989 and January 2006, 169 patients with nonmetastatic urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract underwent curative surgery. We previously reported the primary(More)
Simultaneous use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), probenecid, and other drugs has been reported to delay the plasma elimination of methotrexate in patients. Previously, we have reported that inhibition of the uptake process cannot explain such drug-drug interactions using rats. The present study quantitatively evaluated the possible role of(More)
Olmesartan, a novel angiotensin II AT1-receptor antagonist, is excreted into both bile and urine, with minimal metabolism. Because olmesartan is a hydrophilic anionic compound, some transporters could be involved in its hepatic and renal clearance. In this study, we characterized the role of human drug transporters in the pharmacokinetics of olmesartan and(More)
BACKGROUND Axitinib (AG-013736) is an oral, selective and potent inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFR)-1, 2 and 3. This phase II study investigated axitinib efficacy, safety and biomarkers in Japanese patients with cytokine-refractory metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS In an open-label, multicentre(More)
Although various types of immunotherapy have been used to improve the prognosis of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC), adoptive immunotherapy using gamma-delta (γδ) T cells has not yet been tried. In this study, we designed a pilot study of adoptive immunotherapy using in vitro activated γδ T cells against advanced RCC to evaluate the safety(More)
PURPOSE To clarify the effect of genetic polymorphisms on the response to interferon alfa (IFN-alpha) for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (MRCC), and to find a reliable molecular marker to select those patients with MRCC who would benefit from IFN-alpha immunotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS We carried out an association study in which 463 single nucleotide(More)
The authors experienced unique cases of spinal cord herniation. Only eight cases of spinal cord herniation have been reported formerly. The authors report two cases of spinal cord herniation accompanied with double structure of dura mater (duplicated dura mater). The causes of their condition are discussed in this report.
The activities of renal multispecific organic anion transporters (OATs) 1 and 3 have not been fully evaluated in human kidneys. In the present study, the uptake of some organic anions was characterized in kidney slices from human intact renal cortical tissues: hOAT1 and hOAT3 substrates [p-aminohippurate (PAH) and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate (2,4-D)] and(More)
The potential role of chemokines in clinical tumors remains poorly understood. Recent investigations have shown the differential expression of chemokine receptors on lymphocytes mediating Th1- and Th2-type immune responses. We examined Th1- and Th2-associated cytokines and chemokines, as well as the expression of their receptors in tumor-infiltrating(More)