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Camptocormia is characterized by severe forward flexion of the thoracolumbar spine which increases while walking and disappears in the recumbent position. We describe for the first time eight patients with presumed idiopathic Parkinson's disease (mean age 66+/-5 yrs; mean symptom duration 13.1+/-5.1 yrs) who developed camptocormia. This impressive abnormal(More)
Freezing gait is an incapacitating symptom often observed in patients with Parkinson's disease. It has been less frequently described in association with multi-infarct state, multisystem atrophies, and normotensive hydrocephalus. In our movement disorder clinic, we have diagnosed (and followed up to 3 years; median, 16 months), 18 patients in whom(More)
A system of emotional control of behavior is believed to be lateralized to the right hemisphere. Given that dopaminergic pathways are involved in affective behavior, depression, which is recognized as an integral part of Parkinson's disease, may be associated with a dopamine imbalance. The present study examined this hypothesis in patients with unilateral(More)
The time of initiation of levodopa therapy in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) is still debatable, as is the hypothesis of levodopa toxicity Some researchers argue that late initiation of treatment will delay the appearance of response fluctuations. In the present study, 11 patients in whom treatment with low doses of levodopa was delayed for a mean(More)
OBJECTIVES Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is characterized by distinct facial features, growth retardation, upper limb reduction defects, hirsutism, and intellectual disability. NIPBL mutations have been identified in approximately 60% of patients with CdLS diagnosed postnatally. Prenatal ultrasound findings include upper limb reduction defects,(More)
A series of 203 patients with primary Parkinson's disease treated with L-DOPA, with adequate neurological documentation of mental status at serial intervals during their illness, constitutes the study population. Based on the results of the latest neurological examination, slightly less than one-third (29%) had mental impairment assessed as neurologically(More)
We report on an Israeli family originating from Iran in which 4 of 7 brothers born from a consanguineous marriage had juvenile Parkinsonism. Linkage analysis of markers covering the autosomal recessive juvenile Parkinsonism (AR-JP, PARK2, Parkin gene, OMIM #602544) gene resulted in a maximal logarithm of odds score of 2.18. A homozygous deletion that(More)