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Recent studies have shown that infusion of the anticoagulant protein, activated protein C (APC), can ameliorate many of the systemic effects of endotoxemia in experimental animals, although the mechanisms in this action are unknown. We investigated the effects of APC on the responses of blood monocytes, alveolar macrophages, and cells of the monocyte line,(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (125 kDa form; pp125FAK) is a widely expressed non-receptor tyrosine kinase that is implicated in integrin-mediated signal transduction. We have identified a novel means of pp 125FAK regulation in human platelets, in which this kinase undergoes sequential proteolytic modification from the native 125 kDa form to 90, 45 and 40 kDa(More)
This study investigates three aspects of the adhesive interaction operating between platelet glycoprotein Ib/IX and integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3). These include the following: 1) examining the sufficiency of GPIb/IX and integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) to mediate irreversible cell adhesion on immobilized von Willebrand factor (vWf) under flow; 2) the ability of the(More)
The interaction of the glycoprotein (GP) Ib-V-IX receptor complex with the membrane skeleton of platelets is dependent on a specific interaction between the cytoplasmic tail of GPIbalpha and filamin-1. This interaction has been proposed to regulate key aspects of platelet function, including the ligand binding of GPIb-V-IX and the ability of the cells to(More)
There is an increasing appreciation of the importance of disturbed blood flow, especially turbulent flow, in the pathogenesis of vascular disease. However, the precise mechanism(s) by which rheological changes accelerate the atherothrombotic process remains incompletely understood. Atherosclerotic lesions typically develop in vascular regions exhibiting(More)
The adhesion of platelets to sites of vascular injury is critically dependent on the binding of subendothelial bound von Willebrand factor (vWf) to the platelet surface glycoprotein complexes, GP Ib-V-IX and GP IIb-IIIa (integrin alphaIIbbeta3). There is growing evidence that the binding of vWf to these receptors is not only essential for stable platelet(More)
Platelet activation at sites of vascular injury is essential for the arrest of bleeding; however, excessive platelet accumulation at regions of atherosclerotic plaque rupture can result in the development of arterial thrombi, precipitating diseases such as acute myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke. Rheological disturbances (high shear stress) have an(More)
BH3 mimetics are a new class of proapo-ptotic anticancer agents that have shown considerable promise in preclinical animal models and early-stage human trials. These agents act by inhibiting the pro-survival function of one or more Bcl-2-related proteins. Agents that inhibit Bcl-x(L) induce rapid platelet death that leads to thrombocytopenia; however, their(More)
BACKGROUND Enhanced influenza vaccines are needed to provide improved protection for elderly individuals. The intradermal vaccination route was hypothesized to provide immunogenicity superior to that provided by the intramuscular vaccination route. METHODS In a multicenter, randomized study, 1107 volunteers >60 years of age received intradermal trivalent(More)
Platelet adhesion and aggregation at sites of vascular injury are critically dependent on the interaction between von Willebrand factor (VWF) and 2 major platelet adhesion receptors, glycoprotein (GP) Ib/V/IX and integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3). GP Ib/V/IX binding to VWF mediates platelet tethering and translocation, whereas activation of integrin(More)