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A method has been developed for culturing cardiac myocytes in a collagen matrix to produce a coherently contracting 3-dimensional model heart tissue that allows direct measurement of isometric contractile force. Embryonic chick cardiomyocytes were mixed with collagen solution and allowed to gel between two Velcro-coated glass tubes. During culture, the(More)
1. A voltage-clamp method combining a single surcose gap and two intracellular micro-electrodes was used to measure membrane currents in ventricullar myocardial fibres. 2. The adequacy of the voltage-clamp method is demonstrated by comparing the total current, It, across the gap with the voltage difference, delta V, between the two intracellular(More)
Type 1 phosphatase activity was increased in membrane vesicles from failing human ventricles compared with non-failing controls. Likewise, expression of the mRNA encoding for type 1 phosphatase was enhanced by 37%. The present study provides evidence that alterations of phosphatase activity coincide with end-stage heart failure. Thus, enhanced activity of(More)
1. alpha 1-Adrenoceptor densities were studied in cardiac membrane preparations from several mammalian species including human failing hearts under identical experiment conditions; the alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonist, [3H]-prazosin, was used as radioligand. End-stage heart failure (NYHA IV) in human hearts was due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. 2.(More)
We studied the influence of prolonged administration of the beta adrenoceptor agonist isoproterenol on contractile parameters and expression of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(++)-ATPase and phospholamban, genes important for Ca++ uptake into the SR. Isoproterenol (Iso), 0.9% NaCl (Ctr), propranolol (Prop) or Iso plus Prop were administered to rats by(More)
beta-Adrenoceptor stimulation acts in the heart in part by increasing the phosphorylation state of phospholamban and phospholemman. There is evidence that the beta-adrenoceptor-mediated increase in phospholamban phosphorylation is in part due to inhibition of type 1 phosphatases. The aim of the present study was to elucidate which phosphatases(More)
1. The effect of adrenaline on the Ca-dependent slow inward current, Is, of mammalian cardiac muscle has been investigated by the voltage-clamp method. The mechanism of the increase in the conductance, gs, was analysed on the basis of a kinetic scheme (Hodgkin & Huxley, 1952) applicable to this system. 2. The rate constants alphad and betad, of activation(More)
1. alpha 1-Adrenoceptor (phenylephrine in the presence of propranolol) and beta 2-adrenoceptor (fenoterol)-mediated positive inotropic effects were investigated in human ventricular preparations isolated from five non-failing (prospective organ donors) and from eight explanted failing hearts with end-stage idiopathic dilative cardiomyopathy (NYHA IV). 2.(More)
1. Calcium efflux from guinea-pig auricles followed saturation kinetics when [Ca](o) and [Na](o) were changed while the ratio [Ca](o)/[Na](o) (2) was kept constant. The Michaelis constant, K(m) (Ca+Na) = 40 mM, suggests that a hypothetical carrier system, responsible for sodium-calcium exchange, is far from saturation with the inside concentrations of these(More)
This study was performed to examine the effects of endothelin (ET)-1, ET-2, and ET-3 on renin secretion from cultured mouse renal juxtaglomerular (JG) cells. Although different ETs had no consistent effect on basal renin secretion, they equipotently inhibited adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-stimulated renin release with a concentration of(More)