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Apolipoprotein (apo) E isoforms are key determinants of susceptibility to Alzheimer's disease. The apoE4 isoform is the major known genetic risk factor for this disease and is also associated with poor outcome after acute head trauma or stroke. To test the hypothesis that apoE3, but not apoE4, protects against age-related and excitotoxin-induced(More)
Apolipoprotein E fulfills fundamental functions in lipid transport and neural tissue repair after injury.(6,8) Its three most common isoforms (E2, E3, and E4) are critical determinants of diverse human diseases, including major cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disorders.(8,14) Apolipoprotein E4 is associated with an increased risk for Alzheimer's(More)
To determine the mechanisms by which human hepatic lipase (HL) contributes to the metabolism of apolipoprotein (apo) B-containing lipoproteins and high density lipoproteins (HDL) in vivo, we developed and characterized HL transgenic mice. HL was localized by immunohistochemistry to the liver and to the adrenal cortex. In hemizygous (hHLTg+/0) and homozygous(More)
Uptake of cholesterol from peripheral cells by nascent small HDL circulating in plasma is necessary to prevent atherosclerosis. This process, termed reverse cholesterol transport, produces larger cholesterol-rich HDL that transfers its cholesterol to the liver facilitating excretion. Most HDL in plasma is cholesterol-rich. We demonstrate that treating(More)
To address the role of the noncatalytic ligand function of hepatic lipase (HL) in low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-mediated lipoprotein metabolism, we characterized transgenic mice lacking the LDL receptor (LDLR) that express either catalytically active (Ldlr(-/-)HL) or inactive (Ldlr(-/-)HL(S145G)) human HL on both chow and high fat diets and(More)
This pilot experiment in a simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) chronic infection model aimed at extending our previous findings that vaccination with delipidated SIV resulted in more potent and diversified antiviral responses (1). Macaques chronically infected with SIVmac239 treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) were vaccinated with autologous(More)
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been successfully employed to establish model systems for a number of viruses. Such model systems are powerful tools to study the virus biology and in particular for the identification and characterization of host factors playing a role in the viral infection cycle. Adeno-associated viruses (AAV) are heavily studied(More)
We tested the hypothesis that removal of viral lipids using diisopropylether can enhance antigenicity of SIVmac251. DIPE delipidation removed cholesterol from SIVmac251 without significant loss of viral protein or RNA. Mice immunized with the same SIV preparation but boosted with delipidated SIVmac251 exhibited significantly broader and higher cellular and(More)
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