Hassendrini N. Peiris

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Endocannabinoids are a family of lipid signalling molecules. As with prostaglandins (PGs), endocannabinoids are derived from polyunsaturated fatty acids and affect cell function via receptor-mediated mechanisms. They also bind to PG receptors, although at a lower affinity. The endocannabinoid network is regulated in pregnancy from embryo development to(More)
While there is considerable contemporary interest in elucidating the role of placenta-derived extracellular vesicles in normal and complicated pregnancies and their utility as biomarkers and therapeutic interventions, progress in the field is hindered by a lack of standardized extracellular vesicle taxonomy and isolation protocols. The term "extracellular(More)
CONTEXT Myostatin is a highly conserved secretory protein that negatively regulates muscle development by affecting both proliferation and differentiation of muscle cells. In human placentae the expression of myostatin is negatively correlated with gestational age, and in placental explants, myostatin acts to facilitate glucose uptake. Myostatin expression(More)
CONTEXT Hyperglycemia and hypoxia are risk factors of metabolic complication during pregnancy. The interactions between oxygen and glucose-sensing pathways that regulate exosome bioactivity from placental cells, however, have not been established. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that exosomal signaling by placental cells(More)
Maternal undernutrition during gestation is known to be detrimental to fetal development, leading to a propensity for metabolic disorders later in the adult lives of the offspring. Identifying possible mediators and physiological processes involved in modulating nutrient transport within the placenta is essential to prevent and/or develop treatments for the(More)
Myostatin (growth differentiation factor-8; GDF-8) is a potent negative regulator of muscle development affecting both proliferation and differentiation. Myostatin has been reported to enhance the release of cytokines, including TNF-α (a pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in implantation). In the human placenta, myostatin production is negatively correlated(More)
INTRODUCTION Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is characterised by maternal glucose intolerance and insulin resistance during pregnancy. Myostatin, initially identified as a negative regulator of muscle development may also function in the regulation of placental development and glucose uptake. Myostatin expression in placentae of GDM complicated(More)
BACKGROUND The placenta is an essential organ that provides nutrients and oxygen to the developing fetus and removes toxic waste products from the fetal circulation. Maintaining placental blood osmotic pressure and blood flow is crucial for viable offspring. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the placenta is a key player in the regulation of(More)
Mammalian placentation is a vital facet of the development of a healthy and viable offspring. Throughout gestation the placenta changes to accommodate, provide for, and meet the demands of a growing fetus. Gestational gene expression is a crucial part of placenta development. The endocannabinoid pathway is activated in the placenta and decidual tissues(More)
Biomarkers that identify prepathological disease could enhance preventive management, improve animal health and productivity, and reduce costs. Circulating extracellular vesicles, particularly exosomes, are considered to be long-distance, intercellular communication systems in human medicine. Exosomes provide tissue-specific messages of functional state and(More)