Hassane Amlal

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Several modes of HCO3- transport occur in the kidney, including Na+-independent Cl/HCO3- exchange (mediated by the AE family of Cl-/HCO3- exchangers), sodium-dependent Cl-/HCO3- exchange, and Na+:HCO3- cotransport. The functional similarities between the Na+-coupled HCO3- transporters and the AE isoforms (i.e. transport of HCO3- and sensitivity to(More)
The identities of the apical Cl-/base exchangers in kidney proximal tubule and cortical collecting duct (CCD) cells remain unknown. Pendrin (PDS), which is expressed at high levels in the thyroid and its mutation causes Pendred's syndrome, is shown to be an anion exchanger. We investigated the renal distribution of PDS and its function. Our results(More)
Functional properties of a cloned human kidney Na+:HCO3- cotransporter (NBC-1) were studied in cultured HEK-293 cells that were transiently transfected with NBC-1 cDNA. The Na+:HCO3- cotransporter activity was assayed as the Na+ and HCO3-dependent pHi recovery from intracellular acidosis with the use of the pH-sensitive dye(More)
BACKGROUND Bicarbonate reabsorption in the kidney proximal tubule is predominantly mediated via the apical Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE-3) and basolateral Na+: HCO(-3) cotransporter (NBC-1). The purpose of these studies was to examine the effects of Na+ load and altered acid-base status on the expression of NHE-3 and NBC-1 in the kidney. METHODS Rats were placed(More)
Increased dietary fructose in rodents recapitulates many aspects of the Metabolic Syndrome with hypertension, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. Here we show that fructose increased jejunal NaCl and water absorption which was significantly decreased in mice whose apical chloride/base exchanger Slc26a6 (PAT1, CFEX) was knocked out. Increased dietary(More)
The expression of catabolic enzymes spermidine/spermine N(1)-acetyltransferase (SSAT) and spermine oxidase (SMO) increases after ischemic reperfusion injury. We hypothesized that polyamine catabolism is upregulated and that this increase in catabolic response contributes to tissue damage in endotoxin-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). SSAT mRNA expression(More)
Absorption of NH(4)(+) by the medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL) is a key event in the renal handling of NH(4)(+), leading to accumulation of NH(4)(+)/NH(3) in the renal medulla, which favors NH(4)(+) secretion in medullary collecting ducts and excretion in urine. The Na(+)-K(+)(NH(4)(+))-2Cl(-) cotransporter (BSC1/NKCC2) ensures approximately 50-65% of(More)
Na+-HCO-3 cotransporters mediate the transport of HCO-3 into or out of the cell. Two Na+-HCO-3 cotransporters (NBC) have been identified previously, which are referred to as NBC-1 and NBC-2. A cDNA library from uninduced human NT-2 cells was screened with an NBC-2 cDNA probe. Several clones were identified and isolated. Sequence analysis of these clones(More)
Normal breast tissue mainly expresses the neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y2 receptor whereas primary human breast carcinomas express the Y1 receptor (Y1R) subtype. We hypothesized that activation of estrogen signaling systems plays a role in the induction of Y1R. To investigate this possibility, we used estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) human breast carcinoma cell(More)
Pancreatic dysfunction in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is felt to result primarily from impairment of ductal HCO-3 secretion. We provide molecular evidence for the expression of NBC-1, an electrogenic Na+-HCO-3 cotransporter (NBC) in cultured human pancreatic duct cells exhibiting physiological features prototypical of CF duct fragments (CFPAC-1(More)