Hassan Y. Ebrahim

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1. The effects of streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus on active jejunal glucose uptake in vivo, and on galactose movement across the brush-border (phlorhizin-sensitive) and basolateral (phlorhizin-insensitive) membranes of isolated upper and mid-villus enterocytes has been studied. 2. Chronic diabetes increased unidirectional phlorhizin-sensitive(More)
Sipholenol A is a natural sipholane triterpenoid isolated from the Red Sea sponge, Callyspongia siphonella. Previous studies showed the antimigratory and antiproliferative activities of the semisynthetic sipholenol A esters against breast cancer cell lines. This study investigated the effects of sipholenol A-4-O-3',4'-dichlorobenzoate (SPA) on the growth,(More)
Receptor tyrosine kinases are key regulators of cellular growth and proliferation. Dysregulations of receptor tyrosine kinases in cancer cells may promote tumorigenesis by multiple mechanisms including enhanced cell survival and inhibition of cell death. Araguspongines represent a group of macrocyclic oxaquinolizidine alkaloids isolated from the marine(More)
Oleanolic acid (OA), a pentacyclic triterpene acid widely distributed in food and traditional herbal remedies, exhibits diverse therapeutic effects. OA has been subjected to various chemical modifications to optimize its anticancer effect. Among other analogs, 3-O-[N-(p-fluorobenzenesulfonyl)-carbamoyl]-oleanolic acid (PFOA) was semisynthesized from OA.(More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of Terminalia bentzoe L. leaves methanol extract identified the known triterpene oleanolic acid (1) as its major breast cancer cell migration inhibitor. Further chemical optimization afforded five new (9-12 and 15) and seven known (4-8, 13, and 14) semisynthetic analogues. All compounds were tested for their ability to inhibit(More)
Barrett's oesophagus predisposes to oesophageal adenocarcinoma. In vitro, laminin, a component of the epithelial basement membrane (BM), is important in regulation of cell differentiation. There is limited information on the distribution of laminin chains in the upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and none in Barrett's oesophagus. This study aimed to(More)
(+)-Usnic acid (1) is a common bioactive lichen-derived secondary metabolite with a characteristic dibenzofuran scaffold. It displayed low micromolar antiproliferative activity levels and, notably, induced autophagy in a panel of diverse breast cancer cell lines, suggesting the mechanistic (formerly "mammalian") target of rapamycin (mTOR) as a potential(More)
Endocrine therapy is a very effective and well tolerated approach in the treatment of hormone receptor positive metastatic breast cancer. Endocrine therapy has shown comparable results to chemotherapy with regard to survival rates, and therefore, it is recommended in the initial treatment of metastatic breast cancer, except in patients with rapidly(More)
Breast cancer is a major health problem affecting the female population worldwide. The triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are characterized by malignant phenotypes, worse patient outcomes, poorest prognosis, and highest mortality rates. The proto-oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinase c-Met is usually dysregulated in TNBCs, contributing to their(More)
(1S,2E,4S,6R,7E,11E)-2,7,11-Cembratriene-4,6-diol (1) and its 4-epi-analog (2) are the cembranoid precursors to several key flavor ingredients in most Nicotiana (tobacco) species. Nearly 40-60% of 1 and 2 are purposely degraded during the commercial tobacco fermentation. However, 1 and 2 display promising bioactivities, including anticancer. Breast cancer(More)