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Urologists rarely need to consider bacteria beyond their role in infectious disease. However, emerging evidence shows that the microorganisms inhabiting many sites of the body, including the urinary tract--which has long been assumed sterile in healthy individuals--might have a role in maintaining urinary health. Studies of the urinary microbiota have(More)
PURPOSE We assessed the effectiveness and safety of holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy for managing upper urinary tract calculi in a prospective cohort of 598 patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ureteroscopic holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy was performed in 598 patients between 1993 and 1999. Calculi were located in the distal ureter in 39.6% of cases, mid ureter in(More)
PURPOSE To determine the incidence of and evaluate the potential risk of a symptomatic perinephric hematoma (PNH) after shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) with the Storz Modulith SLX-F2 device. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patient and treatment-related data from 6172 SWL treatments for proximal ureteral and kidney stones were collected prospectively from April 2006 to(More)
BACKGROUND Ureteroscopy has traditionally been the preferred approach for treatment of distal and midureteral stones, with shock wave lithotripsy used for proximal ureteral stones. OBJECTIVE To describe the differences in the treatment and outcomes of ureteroscopic stones in different locations. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Prospective data were(More)
PURPOSE This study compared the characteristics and outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in patients with and without renal malformations using the Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society (CROES) PCNL Global Study database. PATIENTS AND METHODS The CROES PCNL Global Study collected prospective data for consecutive patients who(More)
PURPOSE This Guideline is intended to provide a clinical framework for the surgical management of patients with kidney and/or ureteral stones. The summary presented herein represents Part II of the two-part series dedicated to Surgical Management of Stones: American Urological Association/Endourological Society Guideline. Please refer to Part I for(More)
PURPOSE In addition to more commonly forming stones, obese patients present a number of challenges when undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy. We evaluated percutaneous nephrolithotomy outcomes in 3,709 patients stratified by body mass index. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective database administered by CROES (Clinical Research Office of the(More)
PURPOSE To study the long-term outcomes of men with moderately severe symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who were treated with transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT) with the Dornier Urowave machine. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 220 patients (mean age 66.2 years) with clinical BPH, an American Urological Association (AUA) Symptom(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The approach to urinary-stone disease has changed dramatically over the last three decades with a transition from open surgery to minimally invasive procedures. Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) is a cornerstone of the treatment of kidney and selected upper-ureteral stones and continues to evolve with advances in techniques and(More)
This guideline is structured to provide Canadian urologists with practical recommendations for the evaluation and medical management of kidney stone disease, with a particular emphasis on calcium nephrolithiasis. The goals of this guideline are to promote the identification of significant underlying systemic and urinary abnormalities that will predispose(More)