Learn More
Radiofrequency tumor ablation (RFA) is a therapeutic modality for liver cancer patients inducing localized tumor necrosis with maximal preservation of normal liver parenchyma. We investigated the immunomodulatory effects exerted by RFA treatment in liver cancer patients with metastatic liver lesions (13 patients) or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (4(More)
BACKGROUND Efforts to identify cell sources and approaches for cell therapy of liver diseases are ongoing, taking into consideration the limits recognized for adult liver tissue and for other forms of stem cells. In the present study, we described the first procedure of via hepatic artery transplantation of human fetal biliary tree stem cells in patients(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most potent antigen presenting cells and are therefore widely used in cancer immunotherapy. An optimal method for the generation of DCs for clinical use remains to be established. The aim of the study was to find a serum-free media (SFM) able to generate reproducible and functional cultures of DCs for clinical studies. We(More)
Dendritic cells are professional antigen-presenting cells able to prime naive T lymphocytes and regulate steadily the delicate balance between tolerance and activation during the immune response. In past years several reports have shown that genetically engineered dendritic cells (DCs) can be a powerful tool for inducing an antigen-specific immune response.(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) sense the microenvironment through several types of receptors recognizing pathogen-associated molecular patterns. In particular, C-type lectins, expressed by distinct subsets of DCs, recognize and internalize specific carbohydrate antigen in a Ca(2+) -dependent manner. Targeting of these receptors is becoming an efficient strategy of(More)
Paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) is characterized by the expansion of phosphatidylinositol glycan class A (PIG-A) defective haematopoietic cells, probably due to the immune-mediated alterations of the bone marrow environment selecting PIG-A- stem cells. The present study investigated the presence of alterations of the immune system in a population(More)
Tumor ablation by radiofrequency (RFA) is an appealing therapeutical strategy for the treatment of liver tumors (hepatocarcinoma and metastatic lesions) to be used as valid alternative to the surgical resection that often is appropriate and feasible in only a minority of patients. RFA induces the localised and controlled disruption of the tumor by heating(More)
Recently, the combining of different drugs has greatly improved response and survival rates in gynecological malignancies. Results are however far from being satisfactory. Treatments used in case of advanced or recurrent disease offer limited results in terms of long-term responses. The urgent need for new and more effective treatments has prompted(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are able to orchestrate innate and acquired immunity and can activate and sustain a long-lasting anti-tumor immune response in vivo when used as anti-tumor cell therapy. The selection of the antigen and the choice of its formulation are key points in designing anti-cancer DC-based vaccines. Cell released vesicles/exosomes have been(More)
MUC1 is a large surface glycoprotein expressed by epithelial cells, which is overexpressed and aberrantly glycosylated in carcinomas. MUC1 is involved in epithelial cell interactions and appears to function as a signal-transducing molecule. The finding that MUC1 can also be expressed in the haematopoietic lineages prompted us to further investigate the(More)