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The octadecaneuropeptide (ODN; QATVGDVNTDRPGLLDLK) and its C-terminal octapeptide (OP; RPGLLDLK), which exert anxiogenic activity, have been previously shown to increase intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in cultured rat astrocytes through activation of a metabotropic receptor positively coupled to phospholipase C. It has also been found that the(More)
Urotensin II (U-II) and urotensin II-related peptide (URP) are the endogenous ligands for the orphan G-protein-coupled receptor GPR14 now renamed UT. At the periphery, U-II and/or URP exert a wide range of biological effects on cardiovascular tissues, airway smooth muscles, kidney and endocrine glands, while central administration of U-II elicits various(More)
Urotensin II (UII) has been described as the most potent vasoconstrictor peptide and recognized as the endogenous ligand of the orphan G protein-coupled receptor GPR14. Recently, a UII-related peptide (URP) has been isolated from the rat brain and its sequence has been established as H-Ala-Cys-Phe-Trp-Lys-Tyr-Cys-Val-OH. In order to study the(More)
The development of phenyldithioethyloxycarbonyl (Phdec) and 2-pyridyldithioethyloxycarbonyl (Pydec) protecting groups, which are thiol-labile urethanes, is described. These new disulfide-based protecting groups were introduced onto the epsilon-amino group of L-lysine; the resulting amino acid derivatives were easily converted into N alpha-Fmoc building(More)
Secretoneurin is a 33-amino-acid polypeptide generated by proteolytic cleavage of secretogranin II at paired dibasic sequences. It has recently been shown that secretoneurin exerts biological activities such as stimulation of dopamine release from striatal neurons and activation of monocyte migration, suggesting that the peptide may modulate both(More)
Protein-protein interactions are central to many biological processes, from intracellular communication to cytoskeleton assembly, and therefore represent an important class of targets for new therapeutics. The most common secondary structure in natural proteins is an α-helix. Small molecules seem to be attractive candidates for stabilizing or disrupting(More)
With the aim to find new protein-protein inhibitors, a three part methodology was applied to oligophenylpyridines. Theoretical ring twist angle predictions have been validated by X-ray diffraction and molecular dynamics simulations with NMR constraints. Careful choice of substituent and nitrogen positions in oligophenylpyridyl foldamer units opens the way(More)
A simple and efficient methodology for the synthesis of a small library of substituted indolizines with different degrees of saturation starting from the racemic 2-formyl-1,4-DHP reagent was described. The large synthetic possibilities of this reagent as well as of its Knoevenagel corresponding 2-dicyanovinyl-1,4-DHP reagent were investigated using four(More)
The solution structure of a new B-chain mutant of bovine insulin, in which the cysteines B7 and B19 are replaced by two serines, has been determined by circular dichroism, 2D-NMR and molecular modeling. This structure is compared with that of the oxidized B-chain of bovine insulin [Hawkins et al. (1995) Int. J. Peptide Protein Res.46, 424-433]. Circular(More)
A novel hypothalamic neuropeptide of the RFamide family, comprising 26 amino acids residues and thus termed 26RFa, has been recently characterized in human, and was found to be the endogenous ligand for the orphan G protein-coupled receptor GPR103. Intracerebroventricular injection of 26RFa provokes a robust increase in food intake in rodents. In the(More)