Hassan Issafras

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Many therapeutic antibodies act as antagonists to competitively block cellular signaling pathways. We describe here an approach for the therapeutic use of monoclonal antibodies based on context-dependent attenuation to reduce pathologically high activity while allowing homeostatic signaling in biologically important pathways. Such attenuation is achieved by(More)
Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is a proinflammatory cytokine that is implicated in many autoinflammatory disorders, but is also important in defense against pathogens. Thus, there is a need to safely and effectively modulate IL-1β activity to reduce pathology while maintaining function. Gevokizumab is a potent anti-IL-1β antibody being developed as a treatment for(More)
High-fat (HF) diets typically promote diet-induced obesity (DIO) and metabolic dysfunction (i.e., insulin resistance, hypertriglyceridemia, and hepatic steatosis). Dysfunction of triacylglycerol (TAG) metabolism may contribute to the development of hepatic steatosis, via increased de novo lipogenesis or repackaging of circulating nonesterified fatty acids(More)
Many therapeutic monoclonal antibodies act as antagonists to receptors by targeting and blocking the natural ligand binding site (orthosteric site). In contrast, the use of antibodies to target receptors at allosteric sites (distinct from the orthosteric site) has not been extensively studied. This approach is especially important in metabolic diseases in(More)
Novel therapies are needed for the treatment of hypoglycemia resulting from both endogenous and exogenous hyperinsulinema. To provide a potential new treatment option, we identified XMetD, an allosteric monoclonal antibody to the insulin receptor (INSR) that was isolated from a human antibody phage display library. To selectively obtain antibodies directed(More)
OBJECTIVE Atherosclerosis is a condition that is increasingly contributing to worldwide mortality through complications such as stroke and myocardial infarction. IL-1β plays multiple direct, local roles in the formation and stability of the atheroma by eliciting the production of additional cytokines and proteolytic enzymes from macrophages, endothelial(More)
Improper protein folding or aggregation can frequently be responsible for low expression and poor functional activity of antibody fragments secreted into the Escherichia coli periplasm. Expression issues also can affect selection of antibody candidates from phage libraries, since antibody fragments displayed on phage also are secreted into the E. coli(More)
Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is a potent mediator of inflammatory responses and plays a role in the differentiation of a number of lymphoid cells. In several inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, serum levels of IL-1β are elevated and correlate with disease development and severity. The central role of the IL-1 pathway in several diseases has been validated by(More)
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