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Few reports have dealt with the kinetics and metabolism of AraC and analogs by rat intestine. Using everted rat jejunum with continuous perfusion, it was possible to demonstrate that AraC and Cyd cross the intestinal barrier(s) by a carrier mediated process which was saturable and exhibited fairly good fitting of the flux rate by Michaelis-Menten equation.(More)
The present review is intended to focus on naturally occurring cytoprotective agents such as resveratrol (trans-3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene) and other related compounds, probably with similar molecular mechanisms of action and high capacity to find applications in medical fields. Several physiological aspects have been ascribed to resveratrol and similar(More)
The aim of this work was to study the effects of resveratrol (RES) as compared to silymarin (SM) pretreatments on tert-butylhydroperoxide (tBH) induced apoptotic/necrotic markers in hepatocytes. Hepatocyte in cultures (48 h) and in perifused immobilized agarose threads (5h) were used as cellular systems. Hepatocyte apoptosis was estimated morphologically(More)
The re-emergence of silymarin as a natural remedy for diseases of the liver and biliary tract necessitates reevaluation of the efficiency of this compound and its possible mode of action. The aim of this study was to investigate the potentials of silymarin on the amelioration of hepatic injuries. The possible mechanism(s) that contribute to the(More)
It is established that the modulation of beta(3)-adrenoceptor function could be associated with impairment of lipolysis in white fat and be responsible for disturbed lipid metabolism. Though two isoforms of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) were reported in adipocytes, the role of nitric oxide (NO) in adipose tissue is still ambiguous. The present work was(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is one of the smallest molecules synthesised in the human body. It is produced by three distinct nitric oxide synthase isoenzymes (NOS) and plays a number of physiological functions in many organs and tissues. Among its numerous properties is the ability to influence programmed cell death. NO can either inhibit or induce apoptosis(More)
Both transport and biotransformation processes for a series of pyrimidine nucleobases, ribonucleosides, 2'-deoxyribonucleosides, and acetyl and 5'-substituted derivatives of the cancerostatic agent araC were studied in the isolated everted rat jejunum with a continuous perfusion technique. Metabolic alterations during penetration were assessed by HPLC.(More)
In the present study, a method has been employed for hepatocyte immobilization in agarose threads which allows for cell perfusion. The rat hepatocytes are isolated from the liver. A 1.8% low-gelling agarose solution is prepared in warm Krebs-Henseleit solution. The agarose solution is mixed 1:1 with the hepatocytes and the cells are immobilized in agarose(More)
The goal of study was directed to investigate the effects of resveratrol (RES) pretreatment on the enhancing action of D-galactosamine (D-GalN; 800 mg/kg) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 0.5 microg/kg) inducing liver failure in rats. Liver function was assessed by determination of plasma alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST),(More)
The modulatory effect of FK 506 and cyclosporin A (CsA) on the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in macrophages and mechanisms of their action were analysed. Isolated rat peritoneal macrophages were cultured for 12 or 24 h with or without lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (5 microg/ml) and in the absence or presence of FK 506 or CsA (0.1 and 1(More)