Learn More
OBJECT Primary generalized dystonia (PGD) is a medically refractory disease of the brain causing twisting or spasmodic movements and abnormal postures. In more than 30% of cases it is associated with the autosomal DYT1 mutation. Continuous electrical stimulation of the globus pallidus internus (GPi) has been used successfully in the treatment of PGD. The(More)
AIM Dystonia is a medically intractable condition causing twisting or myoclonic movements and abnormal postures. There is an important heterogeneity among etiologies of dystonia. The electrical stimulation of the globus pallidus has been used successfully in primary generalized dystonia. The aim of this study was to examine the long-term efficacy and safety(More)
OBJECT Adjusting electrical parameters used in deep brain stimulation (DBS) for dystonia remains time consuming and is currently based on clinical observation alone. The goal of this study was to visualize electrical parameters around the electrode, to correlate these parameters with the anatomy of the globus pallidus internus (GPI), and to study the(More)
OBJECTIVE Direct invasive EEG recordings of the insula - due to its particular anatomical position, deeply seated between both opercula - can only be performed with intracerebral electrodes. To date, the technique most commonly used for insular stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) is the orthogonal-transopercular electrode approach with the Talairach(More)
Stimulation electrodes are implanted under general anesthesia, without intra-operative electrophysiology or clinical testing, based only on stereotactic MRI and direct anatomical localization of the postero-ventro-basal GPi. We retrospectively analyzed the surgical procedure that has been designed and implemented in our center, using the Leksell G frame,(More)
OBJECT To assess the validity of relying on atlases during stereotactic neurosurgery, the authors compared target coordinates in the globus pallidus internus (GPi) obtained using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with those determined using an atlas. The targets were used in deep brain stimulation (DBS) for the treatment of generalized dystonia. METHODS(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of the present study was to determine the clinical feasibility of integration of stereotactic SPECT (sSPECT) with 201Tl in the stereotactic MRI (sMRI)-based planning of brain tumor biopsy. Furthermore, the predictive value of the integrated techniques was analyzed by comparison with the corresponding histologically determined metabolic(More)
We propose to evaluate the effect of sacral percutaneous thermorhizotomy on cerebral palsy children. A prospective study including 29 children followed by a multidisciplinary team was conducted from 1990 to 2000. A thermal radiofrequency lesion of the first sacral root was obtained by percutaneous puncture of the posterior intervertebral foramen with(More)
AIM To present the post-surgery clinical results of deep brain stimulation of the internal globus pallidus (GPi) in a group of paediatric patients with primary and secondary dystonic-dyskinetic syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between November 1996 and May 2006, 121 patients were submitted to interventions with bilateral deep brain stimulation of the GPi,(More)