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OBJECTIVES Alloreactive T cells recognize antigens via direct and indirect pathways. The competency of costimulatory molecules on antigen-presenting cells (APC) is important. An active form of vitamin D (1,25(OH)(2)D(3), calcitriol) inhibits APC cell maturation and expression of costimulatory molecules. Herein we studied the immunosuppressive effects of(More)
OBJECTIVE Soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (sRANKL) to osteoprotegerin ratio is designated as a bone metabolism equation in many rheumatologic disorders and would be modified with fish oil (FO) supplementation. DESIGN AND METHODS Eighty-three females with rheumatoid arthritis were divided randomly to 40 and 43 patients treated(More)
Hyperlipidemia can lead to atherosclerosis by lipoprotein deposition inside the vessel wall and oxidative stress induction that leads to the formation of atherosclerotic plaque. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein particles (Ox-LDL) have a key role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The lipid-lowering properties and antioxidants of the grape seed can be(More)
AIMS We aimed to assess humoral immune response to the influenza vaccine in adult kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) subjected to two immunosuppressive regimens containing either mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) or azathioprine (Aza). METHODS 40 eligible KTRs (24 treated with Aza [KTRs-Aza] and 16 treated with MMF [KTRs-MMF]) and 40 matched healthy controls(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to evaluate of Fetuin-A and Pentraxin3 (PTX3) as the main factors for vascular calcification and inflammation in hemodialysis (HD) and renal transplant (RT) patients. METHOD Serum was obtained from 45 stable chronic HD patients and 44 stable RT recipients. Biochemical factors, intact Parathormone, high-sensitive(More)
AIMS Following carnitine administration a decrease in plasma levels of triglyceride (TG) and increase in total high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) has been reported. Our hypothesis was that it also improves the HDL2/HDL3 ratio, symptomatic intradialytic hypotension, and anemia in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS Forty HD patients with a mean(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to determine the effects of zinc supplementation on oxidative stress in hemodialysis (HD) patients through evaluating total antioxidant capacity (TAC), whole blood glutathione peroxidase (GSH) level, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and malondialdehyde (MDA) level. DESIGN AND SETTING Double-blinded randomized(More)
PURPOSE It was proposed that total thiols (tSH) as powerful reducing agents and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OX-LDL) may be associated with development of choroidal neovascularization in exudative age-related macular degeneration (E-ARMD). METHODS In a case-control study, 45 patients with E-ARMD were compared with 45 sex- and age-matched healthy(More)
Instruction. We investigated the correlation between atherosclerosis and tissue and serum levels of endothelin-1 in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). MATERIALS AND METHODS. Arterial samples were obtained from 35 patients with CKD during arteriovenous fistula placement. Thirty-one patients with cardiovascular disease who underwent coronary artery(More)