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PURPOSE Amniotic membrane has been applied to the ocular surface to restore corneal function. The beneficial effect of amniotic membrane transplantation may be due to the immunosuppressive effects of amniotic epithelial cells. The purpose of this study was to determine whether amniotic epithelial cells (AECs) secrete anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative(More)
The present study examined the role of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) in the rejection of intraocular tumors from SV40 transgenic mice. Tumor cells from an intraocular tumor arising in an SV40 transgenic FVB/N mouse were transplanted into the eyes of syngeneic FVB/N mice and the TIL isolated. TIL were assessed for direct cytolytic activity in vitro.(More)
PURPOSE To characterize intraocular tumors that arise by in situ transformation in the choroid-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in transgenic mice bearing the SV40 oncogene under the control of the mouse tyrosinase promoter. METHODS Tumors from TySV40 transgenic mice were characterized in vivo and in vitro by immunohistology, compound microscopy, and(More)
Acanthamoeba spp. are free-living amoebae that cause Acanthamoeba keratitis, a blinding corneal infection. The innate immune apparatus is crucial for the resolution of the disease. With the exception of mucosal antibody, elements of the adaptive immune system fail to prevent infection or contribute to its resolution in experimental animals.
The pathogenesis of Acanthamoeba keratitis begins when Acanthamoeba trophozoites bind specifically to mannosylated glycoproteins upregulated on the surfaces of traumatized corneal epithelial cells. When Acanthamoeba castellanii trophozoites are grown in methyl-alpha-D-mannopyranoside, they are induced to secrete a novel 133-kDa protein that is cytolytic to(More)
PURPOSE Acanthamoeba trophozoites express a mannose binding receptor that facilitates adhesion of trophozoites to mannosylated proteins on corneal epithelial cells. This study was undertaken to determine the role that mannose stimulation has in the amoeba's growth, secreted products, and ability to desquamate the corneal epithelium. METHODS Acanthamoeba(More)
Acanthamoeba castellanii, a free-living amoeba, causes a sight-threatening form of keratitis. Even after extensive therapies, corneal damage can be severe, often requiring corneal transplantation to restore vision. However, A. castellanii cysts are not eliminated from the conjunctiva and stroma of humans and can excyst, resulting in infection of the corneal(More)
PURPOSE Tissue-cultured corneal epithelial transplantation is a novel procedure that uses tissue-cultured epithelial cells to restore severely damaged ocular surfaces. In this study, we used tissue-cultured human limbal and amniotic epithelial cells as donor cells to investigate the feasibility of this procedure for reestablishment of a damaged ocular(More)
PURPOSE To assess the expression of PD-L1 on human uveal melanomas and its potential to suppress T-cell function. METHODS A panel of primary and metastatic uveal melanoma cell lines was evaluated for PD-L1 expression by RT-PCR and flow cytometric analysis. Uveal melanoma-containing eyes were examined for PD-L1 expression by immunohistochemistry. PD-L1(More)
PURPOSE The study had two purposes: to examine the expression of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptors on uveal melanoma cells and metastases arising from uveal melanoma and to determine the susceptibility of uveal melanoma cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. METHODS Nine human uveal melanoma cell lines and three cell(More)