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PURPOSE Amniotic membrane has been applied to the ocular surface to restore corneal function. The beneficial effect of amniotic membrane transplantation may be due to the immunosuppressive effects of amniotic epithelial cells. The purpose of this study was to determine whether amniotic epithelial cells (AECs) secrete anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative(More)
Learning in the marine mollusk Aplysia has been associated with enhanced sensory function, expressed in mechanosensory neurons as (i) decreases in action potential threshold, accommodation, and afterhyperpolarization, and (ii) increases in action potential duration, afterdischarge, and synaptic transmission. These alterations also occur, with a delay, after(More)
PURPOSE Macrophages are thought to be the first line of defense in many infectious diseases and are present in high numbers in corneas with Acanthamoeba keratitis. Conjunctival macrophage depletion was performed in an animal model of Acanthamoeba infection to determine the importance of macrophages in this disease. METHODS Selective elimination of(More)
PURPOSE To determine the role of contact lenses, corneal trauma, and Langerhans cells in the development of keratitis caused by Acanthamoeba organisms in Chinese hamsters. METHODS Various methods were used to induce corneal infections in Chinese hamsters, including application of parasite-laden contact lenses. The role of corneal epithelial defects in(More)
PURPOSE To characterize intraocular tumors that arise by in situ transformation in the choroid-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in transgenic mice bearing the SV40 oncogene under the control of the mouse tyrosinase promoter. METHODS Tumors from TySV40 transgenic mice were characterized in vivo and in vitro by immunohistology, compound microscopy, and(More)
The incidence of Acanthamoeba keratitis has decreased significantly, and it is no longer a reportable condition in the United States. Corneal abrasion and contact lenses play an important role in the development of Acanthamoeba keratitis. One of the most important features of the disease is severe pain, which is atypical for herpes simplex. The(More)
PURPOSE This study examined possible mechanisms to explain why Acanthamoeba castellanii remains restricted to the cornea and rarely produces intraocular infections. The first hypothesis proposed that trophozoites cannot penetrate Descemet's membrane and the corneal endothelium to enter the anterior chamber (AC). The second hypothesis proposed that the(More)
PURPOSE To determine the expression of the chemokine receptors CXCR4 and CCR7 on human uveal melanoma cells and their metastases and the effect of liver-borne factors on the chemotactic responses of uveal melanoma cells. METHODS Four human uveal melanoma cell lines and three cell lines of uveal melanoma metastases were examined by RT-PCR and flow(More)
PURPOSE Acanthamoeba trophozoites express a mannose binding receptor that facilitates adhesion of trophozoites to mannosylated proteins on corneal epithelial cells. This study was undertaken to determine the role that mannose stimulation has in the amoeba's growth, secreted products, and ability to desquamate the corneal epithelium. METHODS Acanthamoeba(More)
Previous studies have shown that trophozoites of the pathogenic free-living amoeba Acanthamoeba castellanii rapidly lysed a variety of tumor cells in vitro. Tumor cells undergoing parasite-mediated lysis displayed characteristic cell membrane blebbing reminiscent of apoptosis. The present investigation examined the role of apoptosis (programmed cell death)(More)