Hassan A. N. El-Fawal

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Environmental exposure to methyl mercury (MeHg) continues to pose a threat to humans, making early detection of neurotoxic effects a pressing concern. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to measure serum autoantibodies (Ig) to neurotypic and gliotypic proteins [neurofilament triplet (NF68; NF160; NF200), myelin basic protein (MBP) and glial(More)
Activity of calcium-activated neutral protease (CANP or calpain), an enzyme responsible for degradation of axonal and muscle cytoskeletal elements, was determined in brain, sciatic nerve, and gastrocnemius muscle of hens given tri-ortho-tolyl phosphate (TOTP, 360 mg/kg po) or active congener phenyl saligenin phosphate (PSP, 2.5 mg/kg im) with and without a(More)
Verapamil, a calcium channel blocker, was administered to adult white leghorn hens to determine if inhibition of calcium entry could alter delayed neuropathy induced by administration of phenyl saligenin phosphate (PSP). Verapamil was given im in doses of 7 mg/kg/day for 4 days beginning 24 hr before administration of PSP (2.5 mg/kg im). Ataxia was less(More)
Developing accessible biomarkers of neurotoxic effects which are readily applicable to human populations poses a challenge for neurotoxicology. In the past, the neurotoxic organometal trimethyltin (TMT) has been used as a denervation tool to validate the enhanced expression of GFAP as a biomarker of astrogliosis and neurotoxicity resulting from chemical(More)
Humans exhibit an acute inflammatory response in the lungs after controlled laboratory exposure to ozone. The present study was designed to test whether biomarkers of inflammation are detectable in humans exposed to ozone and associated copollutants under natural conditions outdoors. Bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was carried out on 19(More)
Some heavy metals have been suspected of playing a role in the pathogenesis of nervous system diseases such as multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Alzheimer's disease. In these disorders, autoantibodies against neural proteins are evident at some stage of the disease. Lead is known to affect both the immune and nervous systems. Work in(More)
Methylmercury, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are ubiquitous and persistent environmental chemicals with known or suspected toxic effects on the nervous system and the immune system. Animal studies have shown that tissue damage can elicit production of autoantibodies. However, it is not known if autoantibodies(More)
This review analyzes current studies of the therapeutic effects of Phoenix dactylifera, or date palm fruit, on the physiologic system. Specifically, we sought to summarize the effects of its application in preventing cell damage, improving cancer therapeutics and reducing damage caused by conventional chemotherapy. Phoenix dactylifera exhibits potent(More)
Toluene and other neurotoxicants can cause both increases and decreases in the concentration of GFAP in the brain. While increased GFAP concentration is widely regarded as evidence for reactive gliosis, toxicant-induced decreases in GFAP have received less attention. In order to identify conditions under which inhalation exposure to toluene results in(More)
Chickens which developed organophosphorus ester-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN) due to a single oral dose of 360 mg/kg tri-ortho-tolyl phosphate were followed for up to 64 days following toxicant administration. Neuropathy was well developed by day 14. Progressive, marked but incomplete clinical improvement was observed between that time and day 49,(More)