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Pause and play: dihydrooxazine oxides are stable intermediates that are protonated directly, without the intermediacy of the zwitterions, in organocatalytic Michael additions of aldehydes and nitroalkenes (see scheme, R=alkyl). Protonation of these species explains both the role of the acid co-catalyst in these reactions, and the observed stereochemistry(More)
A practical synthesis of spiro-naphthyridinone derivatives is described by the combination of the Claisen rearrangement and ring-closing metathesis/ring-closing enyne metathesis process. The RCM or RCEM proceeded smoothly in the presence of Grubbs' first generation catalyst at room temperature under a nitrogen atmosphere.
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