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Primary muscle coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency is an apparently autosomal recessive condition with heterogeneous clinical presentations. Patients with these disorders improve with CoQ10 supplementation. In a family with ataxia and CoQ10 deficiency, analysis of genome-wide microsatellite markers suggested linkage of the disease to chromosome 9p13 and led to(More)
INTRODUCTION The role of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation delivered through a face mask in patients with flail chest is uncertain. We conducted a prospective, randomised study of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) given via a face mask to spontaneously breathing patients compared with intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) with(More)
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) consists of a group of complex developmental disabilities characterized by impaired social interactions, deficits in communication and repetitive behavior. Multiple lines of evidence implicate mitochondrial dysfunction in ASD. In postmortem BA21 temporal cortex, a region that exhibits synaptic pathology in ASD, we found that(More)
The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family of cytokines regulates vascular development and inflammatory responses. We have recently shown that exposure of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) to hypoxia (1% O(2)) increases gene expression and bioactivation of TGF-beta2 and induces its downstream effectors, Smad proteins (Smads), to(More)
Glycogen storage disease type IV or Andersen disease is an autosomal recessive disorder due to deficiency of glycogen branching enzyme. Typically, glycogen storage disease type IV presents with rapidly progressive liver cirrhosis and death in childhood. Variants include a cardiopathic form of childhood, a relatively benign myopathic form of young adults,(More)
A 62-year-old man developed progressive gait instability, bladder dysfunction, proximal weakness, distal sensory loss, and mild cognitive impairment over 6 years. Neurologic examination revealed upper and lower motor neuron dysfunction in the lower extremities, with distal sensory loss. Electrodiagnostic studies, magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, and(More)
OBJECTIVE It is unclear to what extent muscle phosphorylase b kinase (PHK) deficiency is associated with exercise-related symptoms and impaired muscle metabolism, because 1) only four patients have been characterized at the molecular level, 2) reported symptoms have been nonspecific, and 3) lactate responses to ischemic handgrip exercise have been normal.(More)
Fukuyama muscular dystrophy (FCMD; MIM253800), one of the most common autosomal recessive disorders in Japan, was the first human disease found to result from ancestral insertion of a SINE-VNTR-Alu (SVA) retrotransposon into a causative gene. In FCMD, the SVA insertion occurs in the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of the fukutin gene. The pathogenic mechanism(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the first American patient with a congenital muscle dystrophy characterized by the presence in muscle of gigantic mitochondria displaced to the periphery of the fibers and to stress the potential origin and effects of the mitochondrial changes. DESIGN Case report and documentation of a novel mutation in the gene encoding choline(More)
BACKGROUND Our aim was to compare the effect of single dose caudal ketamine, alfentanil or a mixture of both drugs in the treatment of pain after hypospadias repair surgery in children. METHODS The group comprised 109 boys, ASA I-II, aged 1-9 years, who were undergoing hypospadias repair surgery as day cases. The children were randomly divided into three(More)