Hasan Orhan Akman

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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) consists of a group of complex developmental disabilities characterized by impaired social interactions, deficits in communication and repetitive behavior. Multiple lines of evidence implicate mitochondrial dysfunction in ASD. In postmortem BA21 temporal cortex, a region that exhibits synaptic pathology in ASD, we found that(More)
Primary muscle coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency is an apparently autosomal recessive condition with heterogeneous clinical presentations. Patients with these disorders improve with CoQ10 supplementation. In a family with ataxia and CoQ10 deficiency, analysis of genome-wide microsatellite markers suggested linkage of the disease to chromosome 9p13 and led to(More)
An 18-year-old girl referred to a rheumatologist with malar flush and Gottran papules was found to have a markedly elevated serum CK. She was a good student and an avid ballet dancer. A muscle biopsy showed massive triglyceride storage, which was also found in peripheral blood granulocytes (Jordan anomaly) and cultured skin fibroblasts. Assessment using(More)
INTRODUCTION The role of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation delivered through a face mask in patients with flail chest is uncertain. We conducted a prospective, randomised study of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) given via a face mask to spontaneously breathing patients compared with intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) with(More)
The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family of cytokines regulates vascular development and inflammatory responses. We have recently shown that exposure of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) to hypoxia (1% O(2)) increases gene expression and bioactivation of TGF-beta2 and induces its downstream effectors, Smad proteins (Smads), to(More)
Glycogen storage disease type IV or Andersen disease is an autosomal recessive disorder due to deficiency of glycogen branching enzyme. Typically, glycogen storage disease type IV presents with rapidly progressive liver cirrhosis and death in childhood. Variants include a cardiopathic form of childhood, a relatively benign myopathic form of young adults,(More)
Polysaccharide storage myopathy (PSSM) is a novel glycogenosis in horses characterized by abnormal glycogen accumulation in skeletal muscle and muscle damage with exertion. It is unlike glycogen storage diseases resulting from known defects in glycogenolysis, glycolysis, and glycogen synthesis that have been described in humans and domestic animals. A(More)
Replication and repair of DNA require equilibrated pools of deoxynucleoside triphosphate precursors. This concept has been proven by in vitro studies over many years, but in vivo models are required to demonstrate its relevance to multicellular organisms and to human diseases. Accordingly, we have generated thymidine phosphorylase (TP) and uridine(More)
Uncontrolled elongation of glycogen chains, not adequately balanced by their branching, leads to the formation of an insoluble, presumably neurotoxic, form of glycogen called polyglucosan. To test the suspected pathogenicity of polyglucosans in neurological glycogenoses, we have modeled the typical glycogenosis Adult Polyglucosan Body Disease (APBD) by(More)
OBJECTIVE It is unclear to what extent muscle phosphorylase b kinase (PHK) deficiency is associated with exercise-related symptoms and impaired muscle metabolism, because 1) only four patients have been characterized at the molecular level, 2) reported symptoms have been nonspecific, and 3) lactate responses to ischemic handgrip exercise have been normal.(More)