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The therapeutic effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transplantation are increasingly thought to be mediated by MSC secretion. We have previously demonstrated that human ESC-derived MSCs (hESC-MSCs) produce cardioprotective microparticles in pig model of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury. As the safety and availability of clinical grade(More)
KRAS is often mutated in human hematopoietic malignancies, including juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) and T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (TLL/L). However, the exact role and function of oncogenic KRAS mutations in the initiation and progression of JMML and TLL/L remain elusive. Here, we report the use of a mouse bone marrow transplantation(More)
Phosphate concentration is tightly regulated at the cellular and organismal levels. The first metazoan phosphate exporter, XPR1, was recently identified, but its in vivo function remains unknown. In a genetic screen, we identified a mutation in a zebrafish ortholog of human XPR1, xpr1b. xpr1b mutants lack microglia, the specialized macrophages that reside(More)
GPR126 is an orphan heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein)-coupled receptor (GPCR) that is essential for the development of diverse organs. We found that type IV collagen, a major constituent of the basement membrane, binds to Gpr126 and activates its signaling function. Type IV collagen stimulated the production of cyclic adenosine(More)
Microglia are resident macrophages of the CNS that are essential for phagocytosis of apoptotic neurons and weak synapses during development. We show that RagA and Lamtor4, two components of the Rag-Ragulator complex, are essential regulators of lysosomes in microglia. In zebrafish lacking RagA function, microglia exhibit an expanded lysosomal compartment,(More)
  • H Sidik
  • 1996
Among the lesions caused by mycobacteriosis, peripheral neuropathy has been regarded as the pathognomonic one peculiar to leprosy which is caused only by M. leprae (ML) which can not be cultivated. If that whole sentence is correct, no past report should be in existence concerning the peripheral neuropathy caused by the experimental inoculation of certain(More)
Precise control of oligodendrocyte migration and development is crucial for myelination of axons in the central nervous system (CNS), but important questions remain unanswered about the mechanisms controlling these processes. In a zebrafish screen for myelination mutants, we identified a mutation in zinc finger protein 16-like (znf16l). znf16l mutant larvae(More)
Nephropathy as the sequences of Hansen's disease before and after the introduction of chemotherapy was compared referring to the report by Hayashi in 1943 and the summary of the autopsy reports from 1978 to 1981 at National Hansen's disease hospital Zenseien. Unlike the high rates of tuberculosis as the cause of death before the introduction of chemotherapy(More)
The sequence of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) product of 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) of the leproma-derived and cultivable Mycobacterium HI-75 (M. HI-75) which was obtained from the infected regions of inoculated mice, was examined and compared with that of the cultured bacteria by the direct sequencing techniques. The sequence was completely(More)
Mural cells (vascular smooth muscle cells and pericytes) play an essential role in the development of the vasculature, promoting vascular quiescence and long-term vessel stabilization through their interactions with endothelial cells. However, the mechanistic details of how mural cells stabilize vessels are not fully understood. We have examined the(More)