Harvey R Kaslow

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Hormone-sensitive adenylate cyclase contains a recently discovered protein component that is required for stimulation of cyclic AMP synthesis by hormones and guanine nucleotides; the component presumably couples the membrane receptor to the cyclase. We studied this protein (termed "N") in erythrocyte membranes of patients with pseudohypoparathyroidism,(More)
We have developed radiometric assays for small quantities of glycerol, glucose and glycogen, based on a technique described by Thorner and Paulus (1971, J. Biol. Chem. 246, 3885-3894) for the measurement of glycerokinase activity. In the glycerol assay, glycerol is phosphorylated with [32P]ATP and glycerokinase, residual [32P]ATP is hydrolyzed by heating in(More)
Cholera toxin, using [32P]NAD+ as substrate, specifically radiolabels at least two proteins in plasma membranes of wild type S49 mouse lymphoma cells. The toxin-specific substrates are detectable by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis as bands corresponding to molecular weights of 45,000 and a doublet of 52,000 to 53,000. Membranes of(More)
This report demonstrates that incubation of cytotoxic T cells with NAD causes suppression of their ability to proliferate in response to stimulator cells or to lyse targets. Effects are evident after incubation for 3 h with concentrations of NAD as low as 1 microM and are sustained for many hours after removal of NAD from culture media. Suppression is a(More)
We previously reported (Kaslow, H.R., and Lesikar, D.D.FEBS Lett. (1984) 172, 294-298) the generation of antisera against rat skeletal muscle glycogen synthase. Using immunoblot analysis, the antisera recognized the enzyme in crude extracts from rat skeletal muscle, heart, fat, kidney, and brain, but not liver. These results suggested that there are at(More)
Antisera to rat skeletal muscle glycogen synthase failed to recognize liver glycogen synthase by electroblot analysis. The antisera recognized the enzyme in skeletal muscle, heart, fat, kidney, and brain. The results support the hypothesis that there are at least two isozymes of glycogen synthase, and that most tissues contain a form similar or identical to(More)
Pertussis toxin, a protein virulence factor produced by Bordetella pertussis, is composed of an A protomer and a B oligomer. The A protomer consists of a single polypeptide, termed the S1 subunit, which disrupts transmembrane signaling by ADP-ribosylating eukaryotic G-proteins. The B oligomer, containing five polypeptides, binds to cell receptors (most(More)
Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of whooping cough, releases pertussis toxin in an inactive form. The toxin consists of an A protomer containing one S1 peptide subunit and a B oligomer containing several other peptide subunits. The toxin binds to cells via the B oligomer, and the S1 subunit is activated and expresses ADP-ribosyltransferase and NAD(More)
The effect of fructose on glycogen degradation was examined by measuring the flux of 14C from prelabeled glycogen in perfused rat livers. During 2-h refeeding of 24-h-fasted rats, newly synthesized hepatic glycogen was labeled by intraperitoneal injection of [U-14C] galactose (0.1 mg and 0.02 microCi/g of body weight). The livers of refed rats were then(More)