Harvey L. Levy

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An international questionnaire survey has been conducted to define better the natural history of homocystinuria due to cystathionine beta-synthase deficiency and permit evaluation of treatment. Data were compiled for 629 patients. Among patients not discovered by newborn screening, B6-responsive individuals on the average have significantly better mental(More)
Blood phenylalanine (Phe) levels provide a practical and reliable method for the diagnosis and monitoring of metabolic status in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). To assess the reliability of blood Phe levels as a predictive biomarker of clinical outcomes in the development of treatments for PKU, a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of(More)
Since many women with phenylketonuria (PKU) will have children of their own, we were interested in ascertaining the effect of maternal PKU and hyperphenylalaninemia on the offspring of such women. We reviewed the literature on this subject and obtained additional unpublished data through an international survey. Data were collected on 524 pregnancies in 155(More)
BACKGROUND Early and strict dietary management of phenylketonuria is the only option to prevent mental retardation. We aimed to test the efficacy of sapropterin, a synthetic form of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), for reduction of blood phenylalanine concentration. METHODS We enrolled 89 patients with phenylketonuria in a Phase III, multicentre, randomised,(More)
OBJECTIVES To elucidate the phenotype in aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency, a rare autosomal recessive disorder of neurotransmitter synthesis, and report preliminary treatment observations with directed therapy of the associated neurotransmitter deficiencies. BACKGROUND AADC is a required enzyme in dopamine, norepinephrine,(More)
New developments in the treatment and management of phenylketonuria (PKU) as well as advances in molecular testing have emerged since the National Institutes of Health 2000 PKU Consensus Statement was released. An NIH State-of-the-Science Conference was convened in 2012 to address new findings, particularly the use of the medication sapropterin to treat(More)
CONTEXT Tandem mass spectrometry now allows newborn screening for more than 20 biochemical genetic disorders. Questions about the effectiveness and risks of expanded newborn screening for biochemical genetic disorders need to be answered prior to its widespread acceptance as a state-mandated program. OBJECTIVES To compare newborn identification by(More)
The major cause of hyperphenylalaninemia is mutations in the gene encoding phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH). The known mutations have been identified primarily in European patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the spectrum of mutations responsible for PAH deficiency in the United States. One hundred forty-nine patients enrolled in the Maternal(More)
Classic galactosemia is an autosomal recessive disorder due to galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT) deficiency. Newborn screening and early treatment do not completely prevent tremor, speech deficits, and diminished IQ in both sexes and premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) in women. Data on how individuals with galactosemia fare as adults will(More)
New information has been obtained on 30 patients with isolated persistent hypermethioninemia, most of them previously unreported. Biopsies to confirm the presumptive diagnosis of partially deficient activity of ATP: L-methionine S-adenosyltransferase (MAT; E.C. in liver were not performed on most of these patients. However, none showed the clinical(More)