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Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is an often fatal disease primarily affecting young women in which tuberin (TSC2)-null cells metastasize to the lungs. The mechanisms underlying the striking female predominance of LAM are unknown. We report here that 17-beta-estradiol (E(2)) causes a 3- to 5-fold increase in pulmonary metastases in male and female mice,(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is thought to play a critical role in regulating cell growth, cell cycle progression, and tumorigenesis. Because the AKT-mTOR pathway is frequently hyperactivated in ovarian cancer, we hypothesized that the mTOR inhibitor RAD001 (Everolimus) would inhibit ovarian tumorigenesis in transgenic mice that spontaneously(More)
PURPOSE mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) plays a central role in regulating cell growth and cell cycle progression and is regarded as a promising therapeutic target. We examined whether mTOR inhibition by RAD001 (everolimus) is therapeutically efficacious in the treatment of ovarian cancer as a single agent and in combination with cisplatin. (More)
A significant proportion of colorectal adenomas, in particular those that lack an elevated growth component, continue to escape detection during endoscopic surveillance. Elevation of the activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a large family of zinc endopeptidases, in adenomas serves as a biomarker of early tumorigenesis. The goal of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND The scientific potential of animal models of carcinogenesis has not been fully realized because of our limited ability to monitor tumor growth in vivo. OBJECTIVE To develop an endoscopy-based protocol for the accurate estimation of adenoma size in vivo from images obtained during colonoscopy. DESIGN To compare estimates of lesion size(More)
We applied MRI to the in vivo detection of spontaneous colorectal tumors in a unique mouse model, the Fox Chase Cancer Center (FCCC) ApcMIN mouse. Unlike other Min (multiple intestinal neoplasia) strains, FCCC ApcMIN animals develop an appreciable number of tumors in the large intestine, which makes them an appropriate mouse model for colon cancer in(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most commonly fatal gynecologic malignancy in developed countries. Most EOC patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage when disease has spread beyond the ovary. While many patients initially respond to surgery and chemotherapy, the long-term prognosis is generally unfavorable, with recurrence and development of(More)
An experiment and three replications were conducted in which the focus of social work supervision was varied to compare client outcomes under two conditions. A social work supervisor gave two male and two female mental health center staff eight weeks of supervision with a mixed focus on administration, training, and clinical consultation. This was followed(More)
PURPOSE ATN-161 (Ac-PHSCN-NH(2)) is an integrin-binding peptide that is currently in phase II trials in cancer patients. This peptide has been shown to have antitumor activity in a number of different preclinical models. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN In this study, we examined the binding, biodistribution, and dose and biomarker response of ATN-161 in several(More)
PURPOSE To test the effects of antisense (AS)-MDM2 alone and with androgen deprivation (AD), radiotherapy (RT), and AD + RT on wild-type LNCaP cells in an orthotopic in vivo model. METHODS Androgen-sensitive LNCaP cells were grown in the prostates of nude mice. Magnetic resonance imaging-based tumor volume and serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA)(More)