Harvey H Kimsey

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CTXphi is a filamentous bacteriophage whose genome encodes cholera toxin, the principal virulence factor of Vibrio cholerae. We have found that the CTXphi-related element RS1 is a satellite phage whose transmission depends upon proteins produced from a CTX prophage (its helper phage). However, unlike other satellite phages and satellite animal viruses, RS1(More)
CTXphi is a filamentous phage that encodes cholera toxin, one of the principal virulence factors of Vibrio cholerae. CTXphi is unusual among filamentous phages because it can either replicate as a plasmid or integrate into the V. cholerae chromosome at a specific site. The CTXphi genome has two regions, the 'core' and RS2. Integrated CTXphi is frequently(More)
In Escherichia coli, precursor proteins are targeted to the membrane-bound translocase by the cytosolic chaperone SecB. SecB binds to the extreme carboxy-terminus of the SecA ATPase translocase subunit, and this interaction is promoted by preproteins. The mutant SecB proteins, L75Q and E77K, which interfere with preprotein translocation in vivo, are unable(More)
The genes encoding cholera toxin, the principal virulence factor of Vibrio cholerae, are part of the circular single-stranded DNA genome of CTXphi. In toxigenic V. cholerae strains, the CTXphi genome is typically found in integrated arrays of tandemly arranged CTX prophages. Infected cells that lack a chromosomal integration site harbour the CTXphi genome(More)
Bacterial surface polysaccharides are synthesized from lipid-linked precursors at the inner surface of the cytoplasmic membrane before being translocated across the bilayer for envelope assembly. Transport of the cell wall precursor lipid II in Escherichia coli requires the broadly conserved and essential multidrug/oligosaccharidyl-lipid/polysaccharide(More)
C-factor, the product of the csgA gene, is a cell-surface associated short-range intercellular signaling protein in Myxococcus xanthus. C-factor is required for at least four responses during starvation-induced fruiting body morphogenesis: rippling, aggregation, sporulation, and full expression of the csgA gene, all of which fail in a csgA mutant. To(More)
CTXphi is a lysogenic, filamentous bacteriophage. Its genome includes the genes encoding cholera toxin (ctxAB), one of the principal virulence factors of Vibrio cholerae; consequently, nonpathogenic strains of V. cholerae can be converted into toxigenic strains by CTXphi infection. O139 Calcutta strains of V. cholerae, which were linked to cholera outbreaks(More)
The genes encoding cholera toxin, one of the principal virulence factors of the diarrhoeal pathogen Vibrio cholerae, are part of the genome of CTXphi, a filamentous bacteriophage. Thus, CTXphi has played a critical role in the evolution of the pathogenicity of V. cholerae. Unlike the well-studied F pilus-specific filamentous coliphages, CTXphi integrates(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the Myxococcus xanthus orotidine-5'-monophosphate decarboxylase (OMP DCase) gene was determined. The derived protein sequence is not closely related to other prokaryotic OMP DCase sequences; nor is it closely related to any eukaryotic OMP DCase sequences. Progressive multiple alignment of the M. xanthus OMP DCase protein sequence(More)