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This consensus statement from the members of the American Neurogastroenterology and Motility Society and the Society of Nuclear Medicine recommends a standardized method for measuring gastric emptying (GE) by scintigraphy. A low-fat, egg-white meal with imaging at 0, 1, 2, and 4 h after meal ingestion, as described by a published multicenter protocol,(More)
Three patients developed supraumbilical skin rashes during hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy by a surgically placed perfusion catheter and drug-infusion pump. In one patient, hepatic arterial scintigraphy with technetium-99m macroaggregated serum albumin showed increased uptake corresponding to the rash, and a hepatic arteriogram showed a dilated(More)
A variety of imaging procedures were performed in 28 patients with ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) syndrome in an attempt to localize the ACTH-producing tumor. Diagnosis was made on the basis of removal of an ACTH-producing tumor or biopsy of metastases in the 19 patients with a proved source and the absence of ACTH gradients in bilateral samples(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Cholecystokinin-cholescintigraphy (CCK-CS) provides a physiologic, noninvasive, and quantitative method for assessing gallbladder contraction and calculation of a gallbladder ejection fraction (GBEF). At present, it is used most commonly to identify patients with suspected functional gallbladder disorder. However, the methodology of CCK(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate alternative methods of infusing sincalide for calculation of a gallbladder ejection fraction (GBEF) during cholescintigraphy (5 mCi 99mTc-mebrofenin). After gallbladder filling, three methods of infusion were compared in 23 normal volunteers: (1) 0.02 microgram/kg as a 3-min infusion, (2) 0.02 microgram/kg as a(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of biricodar (VX-710), an inhibitor of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1), alone and with doxorubicin in patients with advanced malignancies. The effect of VX-710 on the tissue distribution of (99m)Tc-sestamibi, a P-gp and MRP1 substrate, was also(More)
PURPOSE To establish normal gallbladder ejection fraction (GBEF) values for two sincalide (cholecystokinin [CCK]) infusion dose rates, 0.01 microg per kilogram of body weight infused for 3 minutes and 0.01 microg/kg infused for 60 minutes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty healthy subjects were examined. GBEFs were calculated for the 3-minute infusion and for(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the prevalence of intracranial lymphoma is high among patients with AIDS, current imaging techniques are not reliable for differentiating this tumor from other common nonneoplastic lesions, such as those seen in toxoplasmosis. The purpose of this study was to prospectively investigate the use of 201Tl single-photon emission computed(More)
Tc-99m-MAA hepatic arterial perfusion scintigraphy ( HAPS ) using a totally implanted drug delivery system was employed for hepatic arterial chemotherapy in 147 patients (335 studies). Complete perfusion of the involved liver was seen in 88% of patients initially [more so in those with normal hepatic vascular anatomy (93%) than those with vascular variants(More)
IMPORTANCE Existing data regarding the association between delayed initiation of antimicrobial therapy and the development of renal scarring are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE To determine whether delay in the initiation of antimicrobial therapy for febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs) is associated with the occurrence and severity of renal scarring. (More)