Haruyuki Atomi

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The genus Thermococcus, comprised of sulfur-reducing hyperthermophilic archaea, belongs to the order Thermococcales in Euryarchaeota along with the closely related genus Pyrococcus. The members of Thermococcus are ubiquitously present in natural high-temperature environments, and are therefore considered to play a major role in the ecology and metabolic(More)
The domain Archaea has historically been divided into two phyla, the Crenarchaeota and Euryarchaeota. Although regarded as members of the Crenarchaeota based on small subunit rRNA phylogeny, environmental genomics and efforts for cultivation have recently revealed two novel phyla/divisions in the Archaea; the 'Thaumarchaeota' and 'Korarchaeota'. Here, we(More)
An expression library was generated by partial Sau3A digestion of genomic DNA from the thermophile Bacillus thermocatenulatus and cloning of DNA fragments in pUC18 in Escherichia coli DH5alpha. Screening for lipase activity identified a 4.5 kb insert in pUC18 which directed the production of lipase in E. coli DH5alpha. A subclone with a 2.2 kb insert was(More)
We have previously reported that a psychrotrophic bacterium, Pseudomonas sp. strain KB700A, which displays sigmoidal growth even at -5 degrees C, produced a lipase. A genomic DNA library of strain KB700A was introduced into Escherichia coli TG1, and screening on tributyrin-containing agar plates led to the isolation of the lipase gene. Sequence analysis(More)
In contrast to the high accumulation in sequence data for hyperthermophilic archaea, methodology for genetically manipulating these strains is still at an early stage. This study aimed to develop a gene disruption system for the hyperthermophilic euryarchaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis KOD1. Uracil-auxotrophic mutants with mutations in the(More)
The type III ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase (RuBisCO) present in the archaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis was found to participate in adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) metabolism, a role that is distinct from that of classical RuBisCOs of the Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle. Genes annotated as thymidine phosphorylase (deoA) and eucaryal(More)
A novel, facultatively aerobic, heterotrophic hyperthermophilic archaeon was isolated from a terrestrial hot spring in the Philippines. Cells of the new isolate, strain VA1, were rod-shaped with a length of 1.5 to 10 microm and a width of 0.5 to 1.0 microm. Isolate VA1 grew optimally at 90 to 95 degrees C and pH 7.0 in atmospheric air. Oxygen served as a(More)
We have found that the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum calidifontis VA1 produced a thermostable esterase. We isolated and sequenced the esterase gene (est(Pc)) from strain VA1. est(Pc) consisted of 939 bp, corresponding to 313 amino acid residues with a molecular mass of 34,354 Da. As est(Pc) showed significant identity (30%) to mammalian(More)
We have recently developed a gene disruption system for the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis by utilizing a pyrF-deficient mutant, KU25, as a host strain and the pyrF gene as a selectable marker. To achieve multiple genetic manipulations for more advanced functional analyses of genes in vivo, it is necessary to establish multiple(More)
A gene encoding a cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) from Thermococcus kodakaraensis KOD1 (CGT(Tk)) was identified and characterized. The gene (cgt(Tk)) encoded a protein of 713 amino acid residues harboring the four conserved regions found in all members of the alpha-amylase family. However, the C-terminal domain corresponding to domain E of(More)