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The genus Thermococcus, comprised of sulfur-reducing hyperthermophilic archaea, belongs to the order Thermococcales in Euryarchaeota along with the closely related genus Pyrococcus. The members of Thermococcus are ubiquitously present in natural high-temperature environments, and are therefore considered to play a major role in the ecology and metabolic(More)
An expression library was generated by partial Sau3A digestion of genomic DNA from the thermophile Bacillus thermocatenulatus and cloning of DNA fragments in pUC18 in Escherichia coli DH5alpha. Screening for lipase activity identified a 4.5 kb insert in pUC18 which directed the production of lipase in E. coli DH5alpha. A subclone with a 2.2 kb insert was(More)
The type III ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase (RuBisCO) present in the archaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis was found to participate in adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) metabolism, a role that is distinct from that of classical RuBisCOs of the Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle. Genes annotated as thymidine phosphorylase (deoA) and eucaryal(More)
A hyperthermophilic archaeal strain, KOD1, isolated from a solfatara on Kodakara Island, Japan, has previously been reported as Pyrococcus sp. KOD1. However, a detailed phylogenetic tree, made possible by the recent accumulation of 16S rRNA sequences of various species in the order Thermococcales, indicated that strain KOD1 is a member of the genus(More)
We have recently developed a gene disruption system for the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis by utilizing a pyrF-deficient mutant, KU25, as a host strain and the pyrF gene as a selectable marker. To achieve multiple genetic manipulations for more advanced functional analyses of genes in vivo, it is necessary to establish multiple(More)
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) is one of the key enzymes of the gluconeogenic pathway. Although enzyme activity had been detected in Archaea, the corresponding gene had not been identified until a presumable inositol monophosphatase gene from Methanococcus jannaschii was found to encode a protein with both inositol monophosphatase and FBPase(More)
A gene encoding a cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) from Thermococcus kodakaraensis KOD1 (CGT(Tk)) was identified and characterized. The gene (cgt(Tk)) encoded a protein of 713 amino acid residues harboring the four conserved regions found in all members of the alpha-amylase family. However, the C-terminal domain corresponding to domain E of(More)
A genomic DNA clone encoding isocitrate lyase, a key enzyme of the glyoxylate cycle and a peroxisomal enzyme of the n-alkane-assimilating yeast Candida tropicalis has been isolated with a cDNA probe from the yeast lambda EMBL library. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the genomic DNA clone disclosed that the region coding isocitrate lyase had a length of(More)
We have isolated a poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)-degrading bacterium from an activated sludge sample obtained from the drainage of a dyeing factory. Enrichment cultures were performed in media containing PVA as the sole or major carbon source. After several rounds of cultivation on liquid and solid media, we were able to isolate a single colony with(More)
We have characterized the gene encoding ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) of the hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrococcus kodakaraensis KOD1. The gene encoded a protein consisting of 444 amino acid residues, corresponding in size to the large subunit of previously reported Rubiscos. Rubisco of P. kodakaraensis KOD1 (Pk-Rubisco) showed(More)