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In distributed data stream processing, a program made of multiple queries can be parallelized by partitioning input streams according to the values of specific attributes, or partitioning keys. Applying different partitioning keys to different queries requires re-partitioning intermediary streams, causing extra communication and reduced throughput.(More)
Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is a neonatal white matter damage of the brain of pre-term infants that often leads to cerebral palsy (CP). At present, diagnosis of PVL can be done by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonography only when the infant is at least one week of age. No biochemical methods are available to identify high-risk infants at(More)
Damages to the lacrimal and salivary glands that accompany various autoimmune diseases are categorized as secondary Sjögren syndrome. Cytokines and free radicals are thought to be responsible for the pathologic changes, but the precise mechanisms are not clear. We evaluated whether cytokines alone can cause the damages in these exocrine tissues, and whether(More)
Decreased neutrophil apoptosis is associated with persistent inflammation, the severity of which correlates with serum IL-18 levels. IL-18 receptors as well as Toll-like receptors, including Toll-like receptor 4, a receptor for LPS, possess a highly conserved intracellular domain called "Toll-IL-1R domain" and activate overlapping signaling pathways. Here,(More)
AIMS Transplantation of rat hepatocytes into the syngeneic rat spleen results in the appearance of cytokeratin (CK)7 and CK19 positive biliary cells that form ductules. We examined whether hepatocytes are the origin of these biliary ductular cells. METHODS We transplanted rat dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) positive hepatocytes into the liver of(More)
Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a pleiotropic cytokine expressed in both immune and non-immune cells. In the present study, we demonstrate an anti-apoptotic role of IL-18 in normal human neonatal foreskin epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK-F). Cultured NHEK-F spontaneously produced the active form of IL-18. Treatment of NHEK-F cells with anti-IL-18 receptor(More)
Interleukin (IL)-18 is a member of the IL-1 cytokine family. Pro-IL-18 is cleaved by caspase-1 (IL-1beta-converting enzyme) to yield biologically active 18-kDa IL-18. Interleukin-18 is recognized by a heterodimeric receptor, consisting of a ligand-binding alpha-chain (IL-18Ralpha/IL-1Rrp) and an associating beta-chain (IL-18Rbeta/AcPL), which transmits(More)
Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-1 is an inhibitory molecule for JAK, and its deficiency in mice leads to lymphocyte-dependent multi-organ disease and perinatal death. Crossing of SOCS-1(-/-) mice on an IFN-gamma(-/-), STAT1(-/-) and STAT6(-/-) background revealed that the fatal disease of SOCS-1(-/-) mice is also dependent on IFN-gamma/STAT1 and(More)
Role of IL-18 on proliferation and survival of CD8+ T cells, activated by immobilized anti-CD3 antibody (anti-CD3), was examined. Proliferation and survival of activated T cells, especially that of CD8+ T cells, were impaired by IL-18 deficiency [IL-18 knockout (KO)]. After 3 days of culture with anti-CD3, the number of living CD8+ T cells from IL-18KO mice(More)
To reveal a pathway by which psychological/physical stresses influence host defense capability, responses to immobilization stress in mice were investigated, focusing on a multifunctional cytokine, interleukin-18 (IL-18). Immobilization stress induced interleukin-18 accumulation in plasma and in the adrenal gland. Inhibition on ACTH resulted in suppressed(More)