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Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-1 is an inhibitory molecule for JAK, and its deficiency in mice leads to lymphocyte-dependent multi-organ disease and perinatal death. Crossing of SOCS-1(-/-) mice on an IFN-gamma(-/-), STAT1(-/-) and STAT6(-/-) background revealed that the fatal disease of SOCS-1(-/-) mice is also dependent on IFN-gamma/STAT1 and(More)
The signal transduction pathways of endothelin (ET)-induced vasorelaxation in rat aorta were investigated. An agonist for ETB receptors, IRL 1620, induced transient increases in cytosolic Ca++ (peak at about 10 sec) and cyclic GMP (peak at about 20 sec) accompanied by transient vasorelaxation (peak at about 60 sec) in aortic strips precontracted with 100 nM(More)
Damages to the lacrimal and salivary glands that accompany various autoimmune diseases are categorized as secondary Sjögren syndrome. Cytokines and free radicals are thought to be responsible for the pathologic changes, but the precise mechanisms are not clear. We evaluated whether cytokines alone can cause the damages in these exocrine tissues, and whether(More)
In distributed data stream processing, a program made of multiple queries can be parallelized by partitioning input streams according to the values of specific attributes, or partitioning keys. Applying different partitioning keys to different queries requires re-partitioning intermediary streams, causing extra communication and reduced throughput.(More)
We investigated the acute hematological changes caused by interleukin-18 (IL-18) in mice. Intraperitoneal administration of IL-18 (2 microg/mouse) resulted in biphasic decreases in the number of leukocytes in the blood. The first phase of decrease occurred within 2 h of IL-18 administration and was followed by a transient increase at 5 h. The second phase(More)
The role of interleukin (IL)-18 in the protection from interstitial pneumonia and pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin (BLM) was investigated by comparing the severity of BLM-induced lung injuries between wild-type and C57BL/6 mice with a targeted knockout mutation of the IL-18 gene (IL-18-/- mice). IL-18-/- mice showed much worse lung injuries than(More)
Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) induce the differentiation of bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) into osteoclasts. To delineate mechanisms involved, the effect of M-CSF on the production of osteoprotegerin (OPG), decoy receptor of RANKL, in BMMs was investigated. Mouse bone marrow cells were(More)
Interleukin (IL)-18 is a member of the IL-1 cytokine family. Pro-IL-18 is cleaved by caspase-1 (IL-1beta-converting enzyme) to yield biologically active 18-kDa IL-18. Interleukin-18 is recognized by a heterodimeric receptor, consisting of a ligand-binding alpha-chain (IL-18Ralpha/IL-1Rrp) and an associating beta-chain (IL-18Rbeta/AcPL), which transmits(More)
Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a pleiotropic cytokine expressed in both immune and non-immune cells. In the present study, we demonstrate an anti-apoptotic role of IL-18 in normal human neonatal foreskin epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK-F). Cultured NHEK-F spontaneously produced the active form of IL-18. Treatment of NHEK-F cells with anti-IL-18 receptor(More)
The release of the immunomodulator, interleukin 18 (IL-18) into sera early in acute pancreatitis (AP) corresponds to disease severity. IL-18 induces nitric oxide (NO), which is involved in the pathophysiology of pancreatitis. The objective of this study was to clarify the role of IL-18 in pathogenesis and NO production during early AP using recombinant(More)