Haruyasu Ueda

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The signal transduction pathways of endothelin (ET)-induced vasorelaxation in rat aorta were investigated. An agonist for ETB receptors, IRL 1620, induced transient increases in cytosolic Ca++ (peak at about 10 sec) and cyclic GMP (peak at about 20 sec) accompanied by transient vasorelaxation (peak at about 60 sec) in aortic strips precontracted with 100 nM(More)
Damages to the lacrimal and salivary glands that accompany various autoimmune diseases are categorized as secondary Sjögren syndrome. Cytokines and free radicals are thought to be responsible for the pathologic changes, but the precise mechanisms are not clear. We evaluated whether cytokines alone can cause the damages in these exocrine tissues, and whether(More)
Spontaneously diabetic Torii (SDT) rats were established from Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat and are used as an animal model of type 2 diabetes mellitus. In the present study, the mechanism of the development of injury in the pancreas of these rats was examined focusing on the role of monocytes/macrophages. The number of lymphocytes and monocytes in the(More)
Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-1 is an inhibitory molecule for JAK, and its deficiency in mice leads to lymphocyte-dependent multi-organ disease and perinatal death. Crossing of SOCS-1(-/-) mice on an IFN-gamma(-/-), STAT1(-/-) and STAT6(-/-) background revealed that the fatal disease of SOCS-1(-/-) mice is also dependent on IFN-gamma/STAT1 and(More)
The role of interleukin (IL)-18 in the protection from interstitial pneumonia and pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin (BLM) was investigated by comparing the severity of BLM-induced lung injuries between wild-type and C57BL/6 mice with a targeted knockout mutation of the IL-18 gene (IL-18-/- mice). IL-18-/- mice showed much worse lung injuries than(More)
Decreased neutrophil apoptosis is associated with persistent inflammation, the severity of which correlates with serum IL-18 levels. IL-18 receptors as well as Toll-like receptors, including Toll-like receptor 4, a receptor for LPS, possess a highly conserved intracellular domain called "Toll-IL-1R domain" and activate overlapping signaling pathways. Here,(More)
Psychological/physical stresses are known to cause relapses of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. To reveal a mechanism by which noninflammatory stresses affect host defenses, responses to immobilization stress in mice were investigated, focusing on the role of a multifunctional cytokine, interleukin-18 (IL-18). In the adrenal cortex, the stress induced(More)
We propose a scalable architecture for shared virtual environments, named SpaceFusion, which is designed to provide practical, large-scale w-vices on the Internet. Here, the world is divided into smaller chunks, called regions, and a region plays a centrat role to obtain scalability and to realize the notion of Fusion. SpaceFuswn clients can get information(More)
AIMS Transplantation of rat hepatocytes into the syngeneic rat spleen results in the appearance of cytokeratin (CK)7 and CK19 positive biliary cells that form ductules. We examined whether hepatocytes are the origin of these biliary ductular cells. METHODS We transplanted rat dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) positive hepatocytes into the liver of(More)
Mechanism(s) of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure, as manifested by increases in blood urea nitrogen and creatinine, was evaluated in relation to production and activation of endogenous mediator(s) in mice. In interleukin (IL)-18-deficient (IL-18KO) mice, cisplatin failed to induce acute renal failure. Administration of recombinant IL-18 prior to(More)