Haruo Toda

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Electrocorticogram (ECoG) is a well-balanced methodology for stably mapping brain surface local field potentials (LFPs) over a wide cortical region with high signal fidelity and minimal invasiveness to the brain tissue. To directly compare surface ECoG signals with intracortical neuronal activity immediately underneath, we fabricated a flexible multichannel(More)
Convergence eye movements were evoked in the lateral suprasylvian cortex (LS cortex) in the cat. Three effective regions were found: the rostral and caudal parts of the postero-medial LS cortex (the PMLS) and the rostral part of the postero-lateral LS cortex (the PLLS). These three areas represent the central and paracentral visual fields in the published(More)
Changes in visual and oculomotor functions were tested in eight young volunteer subjects after performing a 3-D visually-guided task for 25 min. The visual stimuli were given by using a head-mounted display. No significant change was detected in the AC/A ratio and the stereo acuity. Changes were found in refraction and ocular convergence. Slight but(More)
Open-loop and closed loop controls in convergence eye movement have been reported by human psycho-physical studies. To investigate the visual cortical involvement in open-loop convergence eye movement, we trained a cat to elicit anticipatory convergence (convergence eye movement before the onset of target movement) by using an approaching visual target with(More)
BACKGROUND Taking advantage of developed image technology, it is expected that image presentation would be utilized to promote health in the field of medical care and public health. To accumulate knowledge on biomedical effects induced by image presentation, an essential prerequisite for these purposes, studies on autonomic responses in more than one(More)
We evaluated the effects of electrolytic lesions in the extrastriate cortical area on the amplitudes and velocities of vergence eye movements in six alert cats that were trained to track a target moving in depth. Bilateral or unilateral lesions in the lateral suprasylvian (LS) cortex reduced the amplitudes and velocities of vergence eye movements, but the(More)
Slow disjunctive eye movement similar to ocular convergence was evoked by microstimulation in parts of the lateral suprasylvian area (LSA) in alert cats. A tungsten-in-glass microelectrode was used for stimulation, and eye movement was monitored using the magnetic search coil method. The velocity-versus-amplitude relationship of disjunctive eye movement(More)
We evaluated the accommodative and pupillary responses to sinusoidal target depth movement in 10 normal subjects and one patient by analysing frequency responses and associated Bode plots. The phase of the pupillary response significantly lagged behind that of accommodative response, which suggests that they are controlled by separate central nervous(More)
The lateral suprasylvian (LS) area, an extrastriate visual area in the cat, has been suggested to play an important role in processing motion in 3-dimensional visual space. In addition, the LS area is related to all three components of the ocular near response, i.e. lens accommodation, pupillary constriction, and ocular convergence: microstimulation in this(More)