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Ladybird beetles in the tribe Epilachnini include notorious crop pests and model species studied intensively in various fields of evolutionary biology. From a combined dataset of mitochondrial (ND2) and nuclear (28S) DNA sequences, we reconstructed the phylogeny of 46 species of Epilachnini from Asia, Africa, America, and the Australian region: 16 species(More)
Reproductive isolation between species may often be attained by multiple isolating barriers, but the components are rarely studied in animal taxa. To elucidate the nature of multiple isolating barriers, we quantified the strength of three premating barriers, including ecologically based ones (seasonal, habitat, and sexual), two postmating-prehatching(More)
We determined the nucleotide sequences of a part of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I gene (1,000 bp) for twelve species of Asian phytophagous ladybird beetles belonging to the genus Epilachna, and constructed molecular phylogenetic trees for ten "Henosepilachna" species, using two "Epilachna" species as outgroups. Based on the suggested phylogenetic(More)
Crossing experiments and food-choice tests show that two sympatric species of phytophagous ladybird beetles, Epilachna niponica and E. yasutomii, are reproductively isolated by host-plant specificity. Adult beetles selected their natural hosts when given choices, though some accepted the host of the other species when no choice was offered. In each species,(More)
Detecting the isolating barrier that arises earliest in speciation is critically important to understanding the mechanism of species formation. We tested isolating barriers between host races of a phytophagous ladybird beetle, Henosepilachna diekei (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae: Epilachnine), that occur sympatrically on distinct host plants. We conducted field(More)
We conducted a molecular phylogeographic analysis of Aegialites beetles sampled on the coasts of Hokkaido, northern Japan, using a partial sequence (553 bp) of the mitochondrial ND2 gene. The beetles are flightless and are adapted to the supralittoral zone of rocky shores. In all, 249 individuals from 17 populations were included in the molecular analysis.(More)
Trade-offs in host-plant use are thought to promote the evolution of host specificity. However, usually either positive or no genetic correlations have been found. Whereas factors enhancing variation in overall viability have been claimed to mask negative genetic correlations, alternative hypotheses emphasize the sequential changes in genetic correlation in(More)
Analyses of a part of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I gene sequences (645 bp) for seventeen individuals of Epilachna vigintioctopunctata (Fabricius) from eight localities in east and southeast Asia revealed that the populations are divided into two genetically distinct groups (Chiba, Tokyo, Naha, Iriomote, Bangkok vs. Kuala Lumpur, Padang, Bogor). The(More)
Local populations of herbivore species that display variation in host plant use are subject to natural selection for improved ability to use their own host species. Since natural selection changes the frequency of alleles that control host use, genetic variation in growth performance on host plants may change with each generation of selection. Therefore,(More)
Population genetic analyses were conducted for the flightless beetle Silpha perforata in northern Japan to evaluate effects of straits as dispersal barriers. In all, 19 populations on the Hokkaido mainland and one population on each of seven adjacent islands were included in the study. Based on partial sequences (853 bp) of the mitochondrial ND2 gene from(More)