- Full text PDF available (4)
The diacylglycerol-carrying lipoprotein (DGLP) was purified from hemolymph of the locust, Locusta migratoria, by a rapid method which included a specific precipitation at low ionic concentration and DEAE-cellulose column chromatography. The final preparation was highly homogeneous as judged by gel electrophoresis, electron microscopy, and immunodiffusion.… (More)
Lipophorin, formerly called the "diacylglycerol-carrying lipoprotein," exists in the hemolymph of many insects including locust, cockroach, and silkworm. A rapid and efficient method has been developed for the purification of lipophorin, which includes a specific precipitation under low ionic concentration and DEAE-cellulose column chromatography. The final… (More)
Trehalose, the insect blood sugar, was found to inhibit diacylglycerol uptake by lipophorin from the fat body in vitro. Trehalose inhibited diacylglycerol uptake by about 40%-50% at various physiological concentrations. This suggests that trehalose may play a dual role in the hemolymph, i.e. serving as the insect's fuel and as a regulator in lipid transport.
Many insect species are almost completely dependent on lipids for their metabolic needs, although this is usually a function of developmental stage. The primary storage organ is the fat body, which can constitute 50% of the fresh weight of the insect and also acts as the major metabolic center (analogous to the vertebrate adipose tissue and liver). Bathing… (More)
A huge amount of oil-contaminated soil remains unremediated in the Kuwait desert. The contaminated oil has the potentiality to cause pollution of underground water and to effect the health of people in the neighborhood. We have been studying bioremediation of Kuwait oil-contaminated soil. Chemical analyses of biodegraded compounds and isolation of petroleum… (More)
A lipid transfer particle (LTP) from the hemolymph of adult male locusts, Locusta migratoria, was isolated and purified. The locust LTP exhibited its capacity to catalyze the exchange of diacylglycerol between low density lipophorin (LDLp) and high density lipophorin (HDLp). Contrary to the LTP reported for the tobacco hornworm, M. sexta, the locust LTP… (More)
A lipid transfer particle (LTP) was isolated and purified from the hemolymph of the adult male American cockroach, Periplaneta americana, essentially according to the method previously developed for the purification of LTP from locust hemolymph. Fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) on a Mono Q column was used as the additional step to obtain pure LTP.… (More)
Lipid is released in the form of diglyceride from the fat body of the cecropia silkmoth (Hyalophora cecropia), in both adults and pupae. This diglyceride, in the form of a complex with hemolymph protein, is the most probable means by which lipid is transported in this insect.
It was demonstrated that the primary action of adipokinetic hormone (AKH) is to stimulate calcium ion uptake into the fat body cell, subsequently causing the formation of diacylglycerol from triacylglycerol. Furthermore, it was also shown that AKH is not directly responsible for increased diacylglycerol uptake by lipophorin from the fat body. The… (More)