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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Activators of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma), a member of the PPAR family, increase levels of CuZn-superoxide dismutase (SOD) in cultured endothelium, suggesting a mechanism by which it may exert its protective effect within the brain. These properties raise the question of whether a PPARgamma agonist may(More)
OBJECTIVE The inhibitory response to clopidogrel considerably varies among individuals and clopidogrel resistance is a risk factor for thrombotic events in patients with cardiovascular disease. Based on the platelet aggregation evaluated by the VerifyNow P2Y12 Assay, the present study investigated clopidogrel resistance and the effect of cilostazol(More)
In recent years, patient selection for intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) therapy based on clinical-diffusion mismatch (CDM) has been closely examined. We investigated the relationship between prognosis and CDM in patients with hyperacute cerebral infarction within 3 hours of onset and compared CDM with diffusion-perfusion mismatch (DPM). Of(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify the kinetics of nitric oxide (NO) induced by either endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) or neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) after transient global forebrain ischemia. We investigated NO production and ischemic changes to hippocampal CA1 neurons in eNOS knockout (-/-) mice and nNOS (-/-) mice during cerebral ischemia and(More)
Cerebral venous thrombosis presenting as subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is very rare. We present a woman with thrombosis of the superior sagittal, straight, transverse and sigmoid sinuses who presented with SAH in the right temporal sulcus and bilateral cerebellar sulci. Brain perfusion CT demonstrated a delay of the mean transit time and high cerebral blood(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to evaluate treatment outcomes of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) infusion for hyperacute branch atheromatous disease (BAD) within 3 hours after onset. METHODS A total of 152 BAD patients with lenticulostriate artery (LSA) or paramedian pontine artery (PPA) territory infarcts (LSA 114; PPA 38) were(More)
The clinical symptoms of Takayasu's arteritis (TA), which mainly affects the aorta and major aortic branches, vary widely depending on the site and degree of arterial lesions. We present herein the case of a young man whose initial symptom was pulmonary artery occlusion and who manifested TA 6 years later as cerebral embolism. Angiography confirmed(More)
Cervicocephalic arterial dissection can cause both ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. However, spontaneous cervicocephalic arterial dissection presenting only with headache and neck pain has rarely been reported. The clinical features of patients with spontaneous cervicocephalic arterial dissection presenting only with headache and neck pain were(More)
Therapeutic results with respect to lesion size were analyzed and compared in patients with hyperacute cerebral infarction with and without major artery lesions on magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and in those who did and did not receive intravenous (IV) tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA). Of the patients with cerebral infarction who visited the(More)
BACKGROUND The risk of future stroke after transient ischemic attack (TIA) has been widely studied, but most findings were obtained for classically defined TIA (time-defined TIA). A new definition of TIA, that is, tissue-defined TIA, which requires the absence of fresh brain infarction on magnetic resonance imaging, could change stroke risk assessments. We,(More)